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Research by Country/Region January 18, 2018  
Haiti: Broadband Fixed Wireless Access

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A. CURRENT GOVERNMENT POLICY GOVERNING ACCESS TO THE WORLDWIDE FIXED WIRELESS ACCESS BAND (3.4 TO 3.7 GHZ), LMDS (28 TO 31 GHZ), AND UNLICENSED BANDS

The Telecommunication Sector is regulated by the state regulatory agency, CONATEL, Conseil National des Telecommunications (the Haitian equivalent of the FCC) that provides frequencies to all telecommunication companies and issues operating licenses. A Law prepared two years ago to cover recent developments involving new telecommunication technologies has not been passed, and the old October Telecommunication Law dated 1977 is still in force.

B. DEMAND OR NEED FOR BFW SERVICES

According to the Haitian Regulator (CONATEL) there is a need for broad Band Fixed Wireless (BFW).

C. LICENSING

BFW Service operators need an operating license

To obtain a license company should write to:
Ary Ceant
General Director
CONATEL
Boulevard Harry Truman
Port-au-Prince
Tel: (509) 223 9229
E-mail: conatel@conatel.org

D. FOREIGN OWNERSHIP LIMITS

The Haitian Government asks Company asking for a license to have a number of Haitian shareholders.

E. INTERCONNECTION TARIFFS

There are no standard tariffs (see A)

F. TO WHAT EXTENT ARE BFW SERVICES BEING OFFERED BY DOMESTIC OR INTERNATIONAL FIRMS?

According to Conatel Most Internet providers use BFW
    G. CURRENT LIST OF BFW ACCESS PROVIDERS

    The main users of the BFW are the firms Haitian Firms Providing Internet Access. They are:
      - NETCOM
      - ACN (Alpha Communication Network)
      - TRANSNET
      - HAINET
      - NETACCESS
    - COMPANET
    The above firms are operating on 2.4 GHZ, 5.7 GHZ and 900 MHZ.

    I. CERTIFICATION PROCEDURES, AND IMPORT DUTIES

    US companies have a number of options for entering the Haitian market place, including direct exporting, franchising, licensing, and wholesaling. The most common method involves the use of an official representative or distributor, as the Haitian commercial code does not allow foreigners to engage in wholesale or retail business without first obtaining a professional license.

    Most companies providing Internet access buy their equipment and parts directly in the United States.

    There are no certification, safety standard, labeling requirements or pre-shipment inspection required for importing any type of telecommunication equipment in Haiti.

    According to Haitian Customs regulations, all imported commodities are subject to payment of customs duties and other taxes. The value of imported goods either FOB or CIF is converted into Haitian Gourdes at the prevailing daily rate, prior to the application of duties and taxes. All duties and taxes are payable to the Haitian Customs Administration.

    Customs valuation is based on:

    The cost of the goods:
    - Original invoice from the country of origin

    Insurance cost:
    - varies according to insurance company; Customs generally accepts the cost

    Freight Cost – including port charges:
    - varies according to shipping company; Customs generally accepts the cost

    According to Haitian Customs, custom duties and taxation on equipment used in telecommunications are as follows:

    1. Customs import duties on telecommunication equipment is 0%

    2. Verification Fee represents 4% of FOB value of imports

    3. Advance taxation (called Accompte) is a deposit of 2% on CIF value of imported goods and is deductible from the income tax
      4. Value-Added tax (TCA) is 10% of customs value of imported goods. The customs value is calculated by adding the CIF value to the amounts charged for verification fees and customs duties

      5. CFGDCT taxation is the contribution to Management Funds for Territory Collectives, which is applied at the rate of 2% on all imports.

      The total value of all taxations listed above is around 17 % on CIF price.

      RESPONSE INFORMATION

      This response was prepared by the U.S. Department of Commerce/Commercial Service in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, in June 2003. For further clarification please contact:

      Ghislaine Simon
      Commercial Specialist
      U.S. Embassy, Port-au-Prince
      Ghislaine.Simon@mail.doc.gov

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