Office of Technology and Electronic Commerce
Export.gov logo and link to Export.gov OFFICE OF TECHNOLOGY AND ELECTRONIC COMMERCE
home image
Market Research
U.S. Industry
Trade Events
Export Assistance
Trade Policy
Industry Specialists
Quick Reference

Country/Regional Research

Industry/Sector Research

ExportIT Reports & Market Briefs

Customized Market Research

Publications & Newsletters


Research by Country/Region January 19, 2018  
ICT Regulatory and Standards Information - Columbia

Printer-Friendly Version



5/14/04
The information contained in this profile is intended for basic market planning. While these profiles are updated periodically, many regulatory systems are subject to change. Companies are strongly encouraged to contact in-country representatives who are familiar with the most current regulatory environment.

Translations of laws and regulations are unofficial.

Submitted by U.S. Commercial Service, Bogota, Columbia

SUBJECT: REQUEST FOR REGULATORY AND STANDARDS INFORMATION
IN RESPONSE TO THE SECRETARY'S MARCH 2003 STANDARDS
INITIATIVE.

IN RESPONSE TO YOUR REQUEST FOR STANDARDS RELATED
INFORMATION, WHICH DIRECTLY SUPPORTS THE SECRETARY'S
STANDARDS INITIATIVE ANNOUNCED IN MARCH OF 2003, FOLLOWING
ARE OUR ANSWERS TO KEYED QUESTIONS IN NUMERICAL ORDER IN
REFTEL. OUR RESPONSES WERE PROVIDED BY COMISION REGULADORA
DE TELECOMUNICACIONES (GOC REGULATORY COMISSION OF
TELECOMMUNICATIONS):

A. DOES THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT IMPOSE ANY TECHNICAL
REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS ON ICT PRODUCTS?

IN THE ICT SECTOR, THE GENERAL VISION OF THE SECTOR IS
ORIENTED TO BEING TECHNOLOGICALLY NEUTRAL IN THE GRANTING
OF LICENSES FOR THE PROVISION OF THE DIFFERENT SERVICES,
LEAVING THE OPERATORS FREE TO CHOOSE THE TECHNOLOGY FOR
EACH ONE OF THE SERVICES THEY OFFER.

THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT HAS DEVELOPED MECHANISMS THAT ARE
PRINCIPALLY BASED ON INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS, WHICH SEEK
TO GUARANTEE THAT BOTH THE ICT TERMINAL EQUIPMENT AND THE
NETWORKS BE COMPATIBLE AND THAT THEY DO NOT CAUSE DAMAGE
OR DEGRADATION IN THE PROVIDING OF SERVICES IN THE
GOVERNMENT'S NETWORKS.

EQUALLY, VALIDATION MECHANISMS EXIST THAT ARE ALSO BASED
ON STANDARDS TO GUARANTEE THAT THE EQUIPMENT USED FOR THE
PROVIDING OF THE DIFFERENT SERVICES DOES NOT REPRESENT A
POTENTIAL RISK FOR HUMAN HEALTH, AN AREA WHICH IS
CONTINUALLY BEING WORKED ON BY DIFFERENT GOVERNMENT
OFFICES.

IF SO, WHAT ARE THE REQUIREMENTS? ARE THEY BASED ON
STANDARDS?

FOR THE ICT SECTOR IN PARTICULAR, DECREE 1130 OF 1999
ESTABLISHES AS A FUNCTION OF THE TELECOMMUNICATIONS
REGULATORY COMMISSION - CRT, THE SETTING OF STANDARDS AND
NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL EQUIVALENCY CERTIFICATIONS FOR
EQUIPMENT, TERMINALS, GOODS, AND OTHER INDISPENSABLE
TECHNICAL ELEMENTS FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF NETWORKS AND
THE PROVIDING OF COMMUNICATION SERVICES THAT ARE
ACCEPTABLE IN THE COUNTRY, AS WELL AS THE ROLE OF
ESTABLISHING THE ENTITIES OR NATIONAL LABORATORIES THAT
ARE AUTHORIZED TO ESTABLISH EQUIVALENCIES FOR THESE TYPES
OF GOODS.

FOR THE FOREGOING REASONS, THE CRT EMITTED CRT RESOLUTION
440, WHICH DETERMINES THE EQUIVALENCY PROCESS FOR TERMINAL
EQUIPMENT AND CONFORMITY CERTIFICATES. THIS RESOLUTION
CAN BE CONSULTED AT THE FOLLOWING WEB SITE.


HTTP://WWW.CRT.GOV.CO/DOCUMENTOS/NORMATIVIDAD/RESOLUCIONES
/00000440.PDF


AFTERWARDS, CRT CIRCULAR 46 OF 2003 SET OUT THE RULES FOR
CERTIFICATION FOR FIXED PHONES, TABLE AND WALL PHONES,
SATELLITES, AND TERMINAL EQUIPMENT FOR CELLULAR PHONES.
THE TEXT OF THIS CIRCULAR CAN BE FOUND AT:


HTTP://WWW.CRT.GOV.CO/DOCUMENTOS/NORMATIVIDAD/CIRCULARES/C
IR_00046_03.PDF

WHAT GOVERNMENT AGENCY OR AGENCIES MONITOR AND ENFORCE THE
REGULATIONS?

THE FUNCTIONS OF CONTROLLING AND MONITORING THE ICT SECTOR
CORRESPOND TO THE FOLLOWING GOVERNMENT OFFICES:

MINISTERIO DE COMUNICACIONES (COMMUNICATIONS MINISTRY)
THROUGH THE DIRECTORATE OF ICT RESOURCES.
SUPERINTENDENCIA DE SERVICIOS PUBLICOS DOMICILIARIOS
(SUPERINTENDENCE OF RESIDENTIAL PUBLIC SERVICES), TO
RESPOND TO THE COMPLAINTS REGARDING SERVICE ON THE BASIC
PUBLIC TELEPHONE COMMUTER SYSTEM.
SUPERINTENDENCIA DE INDUSTRIA Y COMERCIO (SUPERINTENDENCE
OF INDUSTRY AND COMMERCE), WHICH RESPONDS TO THE
COMPLAINTS REGARDING CELLULAR PHONE SERVICE.

B. DOES COLOMBIA DEVELOP ITS OWN STANDARDS FOR ICT OR
DOES ICT ADOPT OTHER COUNTRIES' STANDARDS?

WHILE COLOMBIA HAS ESTABLISHED SOME TECHNICAL ICT
STANDARDS BY WAY OF THE COLOMBIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNICAL
RULES - ICONTEC, GIVEN THE CONSTANT PACE OF TECHNICAL
ADVANCES, THESE STANDARDS ARE USUALLY ADOPTED FROM OTHER
COUNTRIES. FOR MORE INFORMATION PLEASE CONTACT

WWW.ICONTEC.ORG.CO

IF COLOMBIA DOES DEVELOP ITS OWN STANDARDS, CAN FOREIGN
COMPANIES PARTICIPATE IN THE STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT OR
SELECTION PROCESS?

ICONTEC IS A PRIVATE ORGANIZATION THAT IS COMPOSED OF
REPRESENTATIVES OF THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT AND THE PRIVATE
SECTORS OF PRODUCTION, DISTRIBUTION, AND CONSUMPTION, THE
DIFFERENT BRANCHES OF THE TECHNOLOGICAL SECTOR, AND THOSE
INDIVIDUALS THAT HAVE A PERTINENT INTEREST. FOR THIS
REASON, THE COMPANIES CAN EFFECTIVELY BE PARTICIPANTS IN
THE STANDARD-DEVELOPMENT PROCESS.

DO FOREIGN COMPANIES HAVE VOTING STATUS?

IN ACCORDANCE WITH THAT ESTABLISHED IN SUB-POINT 6.2.6 OF
ICONTEC'S NATIONAL NORMALIZATION REGULATIONS,
NORMALIZATION TECHNICAL COMMITTEES ARE COMPOSED, AMONG
OTHER PARTICIPANTS, BY PRINCIPAL DELEGATES, WHO CAN BE
REPRESENTATIVES OF BUSINESSES REGISTERED WITH THE
COMMITTEE, AND THEY HAVE SPEAKING AND VOTING RIGHTS.

SAID VOTE CANNOT BE USED TO APPROVE DOCUMENTS OR
REGULATIONS, BUT RATHER TO VOTE WHETHER TO FOLLOW OR NOT A
DETERMINED TECHNICAL POSITION BEFORE REACHING SUBSEQUENT
STAGES OF THE PROCESS. FOR MORE INFORMATION IN THIS REGARD
WE SUGGEST YOU VISIT THE FOLLOWING WEB SITE:

HTTP://WWW.ICONTEC.ORG.CO/CONTENTS/E-
MAG/FILES/REGLAMENTO.PDF

C. WHAT ARE THE GOVERNMENT AGENCIES OR NGO'S INVOLVED IN
DEVELOPING STANDARDS FOR ICT EQUIPMENT?

AS STATED ABOVE, THE CONTEC IS THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT
OFFICE IN CHARGE OF DEVELOPING STANDARDS IN THE COUNTRY.

HOW TRANSPARENT IS THIS PROCESS?

BECAUSE IT HAS THE PARTICIPATION OF THE GOVERNMENT,
PRIVATE SECTOR REPRESENTATIVES, AND PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS,
THIS PROCESS CAN BE CONSIDERED TRANSPARENT.

D. DOES THE GOVERNMENT REGULATE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
PRODUCTS FOR ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY (EMC)
ELECTROMAGNETIC IMMUNITY (EMI), OR FOR SAFETY?

EFFECTIVELY, THERE ARE COLOMBIAN REGULATIONS ASSOCIATED
WITH ELECTROMAGNETIC EXPOSURE LIMITS FOR TERMINAL
EQUIPMENT, AS WELL AS MAXIMUM TRANSMISSION SIGNAL
STRENGTHS DEPENDING ON THE DIFFERENT SERVICES PROVIDED.

REGARDING INFORMATION SECURITY, WE ARE UNAWARE OF ANY
EXISTING REGULATIONS IN THE COUNTRY. HOWEVER, FOR THE
IMPORT OF ENCRYPTION EQUIPMENT OR SOFTWARE, THE RULES AND
PROCEDURES DEFINED BY THE COUNTRIES FROM WHICH THE RELATED
GOODS COME FROM ARE THOSE WHICH ARE USED. FOR THE
PARTICULAR CASE OF THE UNITED STATES, THESE PROCEDURES ARE
BASED ON THE SECURITY AND FREEDOM THROUGH ENCRYPTION ACT
OF 1999 (H.R. 850).

IF SO, WHAT TYPES OF ICT PRODUCTS ARE SUBJECT TO EMC
REGULATIONS?

IN GENERAL, DECREE LAW 1900 OF 1990 ESTABLISHES IN ITS
ARTICLE 52, SUB-POINT 7, THAT WITHOUT CONSIDERING THE
INFRACTIONS AND PENALTIES SET FORTH IN OTHER STATUTES,
THAT CONDUCT THAT IS DECEITFUL OR NEGLIGENT THAT CAUSES
DAMAGE, INTERFERENCE, OR DISRUPTIONS IN THE STATE'S ICT
NETWORK IN ANY OF ITS ELEMENTS OR FUNCTIONING WILL
CONSTITUTE SPECIFIC INFRACTIONS RELATED TO THE
TELECOMMUNICATIONS AREA.

REGARDING THE AFOREMENTIONED, THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT
ISSUED DECREE 1130, AND AFTERWARDS THE CRT ISSUED
RESOLUTION 440, BOTH OF WHICH ARE MENTIONED IN THE
RESPONSE TO QUESTION 1. WITHIN THIS RESOLUTION, IT IS SET
FORTH THAT THE CERTIFICATION PROCESS TO BE CARRIED OUT IN
COLOMBIA APPLIES FOR TERMINAL EQUIPMENT FOR TABLES AND
WALLS, CELLULAR TELEPHONY, AND SATELLITES.

ADDITIONALLY, ACCORDING TO THAT ESTABLISHED IN SUB-POINTS
13.1.2.1 AND 13.1.2.2 OF CRT RESOLUTION 575 OF 2002, WHICH
COMPILES RESOLUTION CRT 087 OF 1997, FOR THE CERTIFICATION
OF WIRELESS TERMINAL EQUIPMENT THAT EMITS ELECTROMAGNETIC
WAVES, THE APPLICANTS MUST DEMONSTRATE THAT THE EQUIPMENT
MEETS THE EXPOSURE STANDARDS ESTABLISHED IN THE
RECOMMENDATIONS GIVEN IN STANDARD IEEE C95.1-1991, 1999
EDITION. THIS MUST BE DONE BY WAY OF A CONFORMITY
CERTIFICATE ISSUED BY CERTIFICATION ENTITIES AND/OR TEST
LABORATORIES RECOGNIZED ON A NATIONAL OR INTERNATIONAL
LEVEL.

AND WHICH GOVERNMENT AGENCY REGULATES PRODUCTS FOR EMC?

ACCORDING TO THAT ESTABLISHED IN DECREE 1130 OF 1999, THE
CERTIFICATION FUNCTION OF EQUIPMENT IS THE RESPONSIBILITY
OF THE TELECOMMUNICATIONS REGULATORY COMMISSION.

WHICH TYPES OF ICT PRODUCTS ARE SUBJECT TO SAFETY
REGULATION?

ACCORDING TO THAT STATED ABOVE, THIS QUESTION DOES NOT
APPLY FOR COLOMBIA.


WHICH GOVERNMENT AGENCY REGULATES PRODUCTS FOR SAFETY?

ACCORDING TO THAT STATED ABOVE, THIS QUESTION DOES NOT
APPLY FOR COLOMBIA.


ARE THE EMC, EMI AND/OR SAFETY REGULATIONS MANDATORY OR
VOLUNTARY?

THE EXISTING REGULATIONS ARE MANDATORY.


ARE THESE REGULATIONS BASED ON INTERNATIONAL OR NATIONAL
STANDARDS?

SEE THE RESPONSE TO QUESTION 2.

E. ARE THERE WEB SITES WHERE THESE REGULATIONS CAN BE
FOUND?

YES, THE FOLLOWING ARE THE RELATED WEB SITES:


DECRETO LEY 1900 DE 1990

HTTP://WWW.MINCOMUNICACIONES.GOV.CO/ARCHIVOS/NORMATIVIDAD/1990/DECRETOS/D01900D1990.PDF

DECRETO 1130 DE 1999

HTTP://WWW.MINCOMUNICACIONES.GOV.CO/ARCHIVOS/NORMATIVIDAD/1999/DECRETOS/D01130D1999.PDF


RESOLUCION CRT 440 DE 2001

HTTP://WWW.CRT.GOV.CO/DOCUMENTOS/NORMATIVIDAD/RESOLUCIONES/00000440.PDF


CIRCULAR CRT 46 DE 2003

HTTP://WWW.CRT.GOV.CO/DOCUMENTOS/NORMATIVIDAD/CIRCULARES/CIR_00046_03.PDF

THE FOLLOWING CONTACTS ARE WORTH MENTIONING:

MINISTERIO DE COMUNICACIONES:
OSCAR LEON
ASESOR
OGLEON@MINCOMUNICACIONES.GOV.CO
TEL 57 1 3442307
COMISION DE REGULACION DE TELECOMUNICACIONES
CATALINA DIAZ-GRANADOS
COORDINADORA DE MERCADEO
DIAZCATA@CRT.GOV.CO
TEL 57 1 6355550


F. DOES THE GOVERNMENT REQUIRE AN IN-COUNTRY AGENT TO
DEMONSTRATE CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTS WITH REGULATORY
REQUIREMENTS IN ORDER TO SELL THE PRODUCT IN THE MARKET?
WILL THE GOVERNMENT ACCEPT SUPPLIERS' DECLARATIONS OF
CONFORMITY, CERTIFICATION BY A THIRD PARTY AND/OR
CERTIFICATION BY A GOVERNMENT AGENCY ONLY?

THE TELECOMMUNICATIONS REGULATORY COMMISSION IS THE AGENT
OR INSTITUTION IN CHARGE OF ISSUING THE REGULATION THAT
PROVIDES THE CERTIFICATION FOR TERMINAL ICT EQUIPMENT THAT
CAN OPERATE IN COLOMBIA.

G. WHOSE ACCREDITATION WILL THE GOVERNMENT ACCEPT (E.G.
IMPORTING COUNTRY'S ONLY OR IS THE EXPORTING COUNTRY'S
ALLOWED)?

SEE THE RESPONSE TO QUESTION 6.

IS ACCREDITATION OF TEST LABORATORIES REQUIRED?

SEE THE RESPONSE TO QUESTION 6.

H. DOES THE GOVERNMENT ACCEPT TEST DATA PERFORMED IN
ANOTHER COUNTRY?

SEE THE RESPONSES TO QUESTIONS 2 AND 6.

WHAT ARE THE TESTING CRITERIA?

THE BASIC REQUIREMENT IS COMPLIANCE WITH THE STANDARDS
ESTABLISHED IN CIRCULAR CRT 46 OF 2003, DULY CERTIFIED BY
ONE OF THE LABORATORIES OR CERTIFICATION ENTITIES
MENTIONED IN THE RESPONSE TO QUESTION 6.

I. WHAT ARE THE CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT PROCEDURES AND
REQUIREMENTS?

THE PROCESSES CARRIED OUT TO EVALUATE CONFORMITY AND THE
REST OF THE REQUIREMENTS CAN BE FOUND AT THE FOLLOWING WEB
SITES:


HTTP://WWW.CRT.GOV.CO/DOCUMENTOS/TRAMITES/HOMOLOGACION_TERMINALES_MESA_Y_PARED.DOC


HTTP://WWW.CRT.GOV.CO/DOCUMENTOS/TRAMITES/HOMOLOGACION_TERMINALES_MOVILES_.DOC


HTTP://WWW.CRT.GOV.CO/DOCUMENTOS/TRAMITES/HOMOLOGACION_TERMINALES_SATELITALES.DOC

IN GENERAL TERMS, THE PROCESS CONSISTS OF THE VALIDATION
OF THE DOCUMENTATION RECEIVED, AND IF IT IS NECESSARY, THE
APPLICATION FOR CLARIFICATIONS OR ITS COMPLEMENT.

WILL THE GOVERNMENT ACCEPT A SUPPLIER'S DECLARATION OF
CONFORMITY, CERTIFICATION BY A THIRD PARTY AND/OR
CERTIFICATION BY THE GOVERNMENT ONLY?

SEE THE RESPONSE TO QUESTIONS 2 AND 6.

J. WHERE CAN U.S. COMPANIES OBTAIN ENGLISH TRANSLATIONS
OF CERTIFICATION REGULATIONS?

THE COLOMBIAN REGULATIONS ON THIS SUBJECT ARE PUBLISHED IN
SPANISH. IF ONE NEEDS ENGLISH TRANSLATIONS, ONE SHOULD
CONTACT AN OFFICIAL TRANSLATOR.

AND IS THERE A DISPUTE SETTLEMENT PROCESS FOR EQUIPMENT
CERTIFICATION?

GIVEN THAT THE QUESTION IS UNCLEAR, THERE ARE TWO POSSIBLE
INTERPRETATIONS:

- IS THERE A LEGAL FRAMEWORK THAT DETERMINES THE LACK
OF NECESSITY OF THE CERTIFICATION OF EQUIPMENT?
NO.

- WHAT PROCEDURE SHOULD BE FOLLOWED WHEN A GOVERNMENT
AGENCY CANNOT BE FOUND WITH THE AUTHORITY TO CERTIFY THE
EQUIPMENT IN THE WAY THAT IS CURRENTLY REQUIRED?

ACCORDING TO THAT ESTABLISHED IN CRT RESOLUTION 440, THE
CRT WILL EVALUATE THE TECHNICAL RULES THAT FUNCTION AS THE
BASIS FOR THE ISSUING OF THE CONFORMITY CERTIFICATES
PRESENTED BY THE INTERESTED PARTIES AND THAT ARE NOT BASED
ON THE RULES DEFINED IN CRT CIRCULAR 46 OF 2003.

K. IS EQUIPMENT FOR VOICE OVER INTERNET PROTOCOL (VOIP)
SUBJECT TO THE SAME APPROVAL REQUIREMENTS AS CONVENTIONAL
CIRCUIT-SWITCHED EQUIPMENT?

YES.

L. WHAT ARE THE TIME CONSTRAINTS AND APPROXIMATE COSTS
FOR EQUIPMENT CERTIFICATION?

THE EQUIVALENCY PROCESS TAKES APPROXIMATELY THIRTY (30)
DAYS, STARTING FROM THE DATE THAT ALL THE NECESSARY
DOCUMENTS ARE RECEIVED.

FOR THE CERTIFICATION OF MOBILE CELLULAR TELEPHONY
EQUIPMENT (TMC) AND PERSONAL COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS (PCS),
A PAYMENT EQUIVALENT TO 10 CURRENT MINIMUM SALARIES MUST
BE MADE TO THE COMMUNICATIONS FUND FOR EACH MODEL. FOR
2004, THIS AMOUNT IS THREE MILLION FIVE HUNDRED EIGHTY
THOUSAND COLOMBIAN PESOS (COL $ 3,580,000).


Approved by Bobby for 508 compliancy, you do not need to have this image on your web pages!! This page was last updated on 04/21/2005. This site is operated by the Office of Technology and Electronic Commerce (OTEC) division of the International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce.

Contact OTEC | About OTEC | OTEC Site Map |Privacy Policy | Endorsement Policy
U.S. Department of Commerce | International Trade Administration | USA.gov