|Research by Country/Region
January 22, 2018
|Ukraine: Broadband Fixed Wireless Access |
A. CURRENT GOVERNMENT POLICY GOVERNING ACCESS TO THE WORLDWIDE FIXED WIRELESS ACCESS band (3.4 to 3.7 GHz), LMDS (28-31 GHz), AND UNLICENSED BANDS?
Ukrainian government entities in charge of frequency allocation have issued licenses for the following frequencies used for BFW (Broadband Fixed Wireless) services: 3.4-3.7 GHz, 2.4-2.4835 GHz. They are considering issuing licenses for 27.5-29.5 GHz, and 5.7 GHz. Frequency licenses are issued based on availability of requests from telecom operators. No requests have been received for 31 GHz band.
B. DEMAND OR NEED FOR BROADBAND FIXED WIRELESS SERVICES
There is a limited demand for BFW services in Ukraine.
BFW services providers may/may not need operating license depending on services they provide: voice local loop, voice international, data, TV, voice over IP, internet, etc. (e.g. ISP services are not subject to licensing in Ukraine). The State Committee for Communications is in charge of licensing telecom services and issues both operational and frequency licenses (when necessary) upon request and receipt of payment. Type and cost of license differ for local loop, long distance and international calls, for voice and data transfer, for TV and radio broadcasting. There are approximately 30 modifications to the basic telecom license, depending on services provided by the telecom operator and the geographic area. For satellite and wireless (fixed and mobile) telecommunications services, both operational and frequency license are required. The same requirement applies to all activities that make use of a radio spectrum (e.g. paging, TV and radio broadcasting). The cost depends on the spectrum and territory of coverage.
Point of contact in host government:
State Committee for Communications and Information
Technologies of Ukraine
Tel.: (38044) 226-2140
Fax: (38044) 228-6141
Kiev Ukraine 01001
D. FOREIGN OWNERSHIP LIMITS
There are no foreign ownership limits or restrictions on types of services for operators. However, operating license strictly determines types of services that the operator can provide.
E. INTERCONNECTION TARIFFS
There are no standard tariffs governing BFW interconnection with local telecom operators.
F. OTHER POLICIES AND REGULATIONS GOVERNING BFW
The Ukrainian telecom industry is regulated by a variety of instructions and outdated regulatory documents issued by different agencies. The new draft “Law on Telecommunications” is under review in the Parliament. After approved, this law will replace existing regulatory documents.
I. CERTIFICATION PROCEDURES, AND IMPORT DUTIES
Ukrainian regulations for communications specify that all terminal telecommunications equipment is subject to mandatory certification. All other telecommunications equipment is subject to voluntary certification, unless the equipment is to be used for a public network. Equipment used for public network must undergo mandatory certification by a testing center under the authority of the State Committee for Communications.
Certificates issued are of two types: (a) a Certificate of Acceptance of a Foreign Certification, issued by a Ukrainian certifying agency; and (b) Conformance Certificate issued by a Ukrainian agency upon certification of equipment. Certificates issued by foreign authorities are recognized in Ukraine only to the extent provided in international treaties to which Ukraine is a party. In most cases, a foreign certificate will not be honored without the product first being tested. The certificate of accreditation from a foreign testing laboratory and protocols/summary of test results will facilitate the issuance of a Ukrainian certificate. Upon receipt of documents, the State Committee for Communications determines the testing center that will conduct the tests. In most cases, this will be one of two research institutes located in Kiev and Odessa. The center is responsible for testing the equipment, and compliance with the following requirements:
- Electrical and environmental safety;
- Electro-magnetic compatibility;
- Operability with national public network equipment.
In cases where a foreign company intends to import equipment on a recurring basis, authorities may require a visit from Ukrainian standards specialists to the importer's production facility. The visit is to certify the company in question and its ability to adhere to quality and safety standards.
Duty Rates, VAT, and other taxes
All imported IT and telecom hardware and software are subject to import duties that vary depending on type of equipment, customs fees and to 20% Value Added Tax.
This response was prepared by the U.S. Department of Commerce/Commercial Service in Kiev, Ukraine, in June 2003. For further clarification please contact:
U.S. Commercial Service, Kiev
This page was last updated on 10/09/2003. This site is operated by the Office of Technology and Electronic Commerce (OTEC) division of the International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce.