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Climate Change Report

Appendix A - Summary of Principal Donor-Sponsored Climate Change Mitigation Projects in Selected Countries

Project Name
Donor Agency
Total Cost/Donor Cost
Renewable Energy Applications and Training (REAT) The REAT program funds global, regional, and country-specific activities to increase the commercialization of renewable energy technologies. It focuses on removing obstacles to the use of commercially proven technologies that use wind, solar, biomass, small hydro, and geothermal resources. REAT emphasizes information and skills transfer, policy reform, private sector involvement, project identification and design, and identification of financing mechanisms.USAIDTotal: $34.3 million GEF: $34.3 million1985–2002
Small- and Medium-Scale Enterprise ProgramThe program is designed to stimulate greater involvement of private, small- and medium-scale enterprises (SME) in GEF-eligible activities. It on-lends GEF grant funds to carefully screened financial intermediaries at long-term low-interest rates. The intermediaries commit to use the funds to finance GEF-eligible projects. The program allows the intermediaries to fund long-term loans or equity investments in relatively high-risk, experimental SME projects where normally suitably priced capital is lacking.GEF/IFCTotal: $52.5 million
GEF: $16.50 million
Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Fund (REEF) REEF provides a pool of grant funds to a separate $150–$210 million fund being established by the International Finance
Corporation and other commercial investors. The fund invests in private sector projects and companies in grid-connected and off-grid renewable energy (RE) and energy efficiency (EE).
The fund focuses primarily on RE and EE projects or project portfolios in the $5–30 million range, a range which is often
considered too small, too complex, or too risky by institutional investors.
GEF/IFCTotal: $240 million
GEF: $30 million
Sustainable Markets for Sustainable Energy (SMSE) ProgramThe program’s purpose is to catalyze the development of sustainable markets for energy efficient systems, technologies,
and practices, and clean energy sources throughout Latin Program America and the Caribbean. The program will test a strategy
and action plan for the IDB to act as a catalyst in the mobilization of donor support for its borrowing members’ efforts to establish sustainable markets for sustainable energy.
IDBTotal: $1.4 million
IDB: $0.9 million
Brazil Energy EfficiencyThe integrated IBRD and GEF project supports supply-side loss-reduction investments, promote integrated supply and
demand-side management pilot projects; create mechanisms to finance investments in energy efficiency by utilities, consumers,
and energy service companies; and provide capacity building and technical assistance to support electric energy efficiency
and conservation programs, financial mechanisms, policies, regulations, and standards.
GEF/World BankTotal: $200 million
GEF: $20 million
Wood Gasification Integrated Systems for Electricity Generation (WBP/SIGAME)Building on the technological advances gained under the UNDP-implemented Pilot Phase GEF project, a public-private consortium will demonstrate biomass integrated gasification/gas Bank turbine technology for cogeneration of electricity at
a commercial scale. The 30 MW demonstration plant in the state of Bahia will run on wood chip fuel from plantation forests.
GEF/World BankTotal: $122 million
GEF: $40 million
Hydrogen Fuel Cell Buses ProjectThe project aims at demonstrating the potential for commercialization of fuel cell-powered buses for public transportation in the state of Sao Paulo.GEFGEF Total: $45 million
GEF: $45 million
China Energy Conservation ProjectThe project will support the establishment, pilot testing, and commercial demonstration of market-oriented energy service
companies that will promote investments in energy-efficient technology through energy performance contracting. The
project will start in three provinces, and after a pilot phase will be expanded to other parts of the country, and may involve
more varied applications such as leasing or Chinese-foreign joint ventures. The project will also develop a national energy
conservation information dissemination center to gather information and lessons learned on energy efficiency measures

and disseminate information on the technical and financial results of these measures, targeting enterprise managers.
GEF/World BankTotal: $202 million
GEF: $22 million
IBRD: $63 million
Sichaun Gas Development and Conservation ProjectThis project is for the rehabilitation of gas transmission and distribution systems to eliminate methane gas losses and
improve pipeline network performance. Main components will focus on safety and operational efficiency of the transmission
and distribution, and selection of cost-effective measures to reduce gas leakages through a program of environmental upgrades. The associated World Bank project includes a gas
pricing reform program that will encourage efficiency and conservation in gas consumption in the future.
GEF/World BankTotal: $122.7 million
GEF: $10 million
China: Efficient Industrial Boilers ProjectThis project will reduce greenhouse gas emissions by adapting high-efficiency foreign technologies to local conditions for
small and medium-sized, coal-fired industrial boilers. To assist the dissemination and effective use of efficient technologies, the
project will also strengthen China’s industrial-boiler engineering, operations, production management, and marketing capabilities, and improve boiler technology exchange domestically. As long-term measures for barrier removal, the project will support related technical and policy studies, public awareness/information
dissemination, and strengthened environmental standards for the
industrial boiler sector.
GEF/World BankTotal: $101.4 million
GEF: $32.8 million
Chongquing Industrial Pollution Control and ReformThis project will combat environmental pollution in Chongqing by integrating environmental protection objectives into
economic policies. The project will assist in the development of an integrated economic reform policy by linking industrial pollution control and environmental regulation with industrial enterprise reform, particularly of inefficient state-owned enterprises. This will be achieved by eliminating key sources of pollution in Chonqing’s worst polluting industries, iron and steel, with investments in modern production and energy-efficiency
technologies; improving environmental management and enforcement of regulations, as well as restructuring and commercializing local industries through reform initiatives; and reducing greenhouse gas and SO2 emissions through the associated Efficient Industrial Boilers Project.
World BankTotal: $170 million
IBRD: $170 million
Wind Power Development ProjectThe project’s objective is to support the development of commercial grid-connected, wind-based electricity generation by expanding one existing wind farm in the Xinjiang Autonomous Region and developing new wind farms in Liaoning and Heilongjiang provinces. Its scope will include (a) reviewing the government’s strategies and policies for the development of wind energy resources; (b) developing an appropriate institutional and financial framework for increased investments in wind-based electricity generation projects; and (c) determining the technical, economic, and financial feasibility of the project components.ADBTotal: $600,000
ADB: $600,000
China Renewable Energy ProjectThe project supports the development of 190 MW of wind farms and about 10 MW of solar home systems, plus related technical
assistance. The Asian Alternative Energy Program (ASTAE) will assist in the project design and offer technical support in
the appraisal and implementation of the project.
GEF/World BankTotal: $135 million
GEF: $135 million
Power Rehabilitation and Environmental ImprovementFollowing on from the earlier advisory technical assistance project Energy Efficiency and Environmental Improvement
Study, this technical assistance will carry out detailed feasibility studies of the first batch of candidate coal-fired power plants
identified under the earlier study for possible renovation or retrofit.
ADBTotal: $1 million
ADB: $1 million
Alternate Energy ProjectThe project promotes and commercializes investment in wind farms and solar photovoltaic power systems through the
provision of below-market loans to investors in these systems, primarily from the private sector. It popularizes renewable
technologies through public education programs that explain their functions and capacity. Implementation is overseen by
the Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency (IREDA), which is benefiting from capacity-building assistance.
GEF/World BankTotal: $430 million
GEF: $26 million
India Energy Conservation ProjectAs part of the proposed IREDA II Project, this program will establish an energy efficiency service capacity in IREDA to
overcome market barriers to energy efficiency services for small and medium-sized enterprises in India. The project component will comprise: (a) technical assistance to IREDA in the provision of energy efficiency services; (b) line of credit to finance energy efficiency demonstration sub-projects; and (c) an energy efficiency awareness campaign.
GEF/World BankTotal: TBD
GEF: $15 million
Solar Thermal-Electric Power ProjectThe GEF will finance the incremental costs of construction and operation, by the private sector, of a grid-connected, 140
MW solar-thermal/fossil fuel hybrid power plant in Rajasthan, incorporating a parabolic trough solar thermal field of about 35–40 MW. The plant would demonstrate the operational viability of solar trough technology and its use by an independent power producer with commercial sales
and delivery arrangements with the grid.
GEF/World BankTotal: $245 million
GEF: $49 million
Coal Bed Methane Recovery and Commercial UtilizationThe project supports technical assistance and in-country capacity building for expanded methane recovery and use
in the coal mining sector.
GEF/UNDPTotal: $17.3 million
GEF: $9.2 million
India Orissa State Power Sector RestructuringASTAE assisted in the preparation of a demand-side management (DSM) component in the state’s power sector
reform program and is supervising implementation of this component. A DSM cell has been set up within the Grid
Corporation of Orissa to facilitate load research and DSM program development. DSM investments include municipal
water pumping and storage systems, motor rewinding and motor efficiency programs; load research linked to a proposed
metering program; and various DSM investments in the industrial, residential, commercial, and agricultural sectors.
World BankTotal: $350 million
World Bank: $97.0 million
India Andhra Pradesh Power IThis project will support major restructuring and policy reforms in the Andhra Pradesh power sector. ASTAE is assisting in the
design of the DSM component comprising technical assistance for DSM and load research. Specific focus will be on
improvements in efficiency in the agricultural sector through
innovative energy efficiency procurement mechanisms.
World BankTotal: $576 million
World Bank: $210 million
Greenhouse Gas Environmental Pollution Prevention Project (GEP)The initial phase of the project (1997–1999) focused on two areas: increasing efficiency in coal-fired power plans and cogeneration of power from biogas in the sugar industry.
The project is being expanded to include the U.S.–India Climate Change Partnership (comprising a host of technical assistance
activities), a program designed to promote alternative fuel vehicles combined with the traffic flow management in New Delhi; and an initiative to evaluate options for GHG
abatement via improved urban solid waste management.
USAIDTotal: $39 million 1997–2005
India Renewable Energy IIThis project is a follow-up to the World Bank’s Renewable Resources Development Project (Cr. 2499-IN) and will expand the small hydro program beyond the southern region to include other states in India. The project will support a new initiative within IREDA to promote and finance energy efficiency, demand side management investments, and foster the development and operation of energy service companies.World BankTotal: $300 million
World Bank: $170 million
Optimizing Development of Small Hydroelectric Resources in the Hilly RegionsThe project promotes the adaptation of advanced technologies of for
hydroelectric resources.
UNDP/GEFTotal: $14.6 million
GEF: $7.5 million
India Haryana Power IIThis ASTAE-assisted project will support major restructuring and policy reforms in the Haryana power sector. Particular focus
is expected to be on cogeneration investments and private sector delivery of energy efficiency services. Efficiency improvements on the demand side, including metering systems and DSM
programs, will also be included in the investment component.
World BankTotal: $150 million
World Bank: $60 million
Photovoltaic Market Transformation Initiative-PVMTI (Kenya, India, Morocco)PVMTI will make multiple grant and nongrant investments, estimated to range from $1 million to $5 million, to eligible
developing country-based companies or consortia on a competitive basis for the most innovative and promising proposals for large-scale expansion of the market for and use of photovoltaics, especially for rural electrification. It is expected to mobilize significant additional financing for PV
development, promotion, and commercialization.
GEF/IFCTotal: $120 million
GEF: $30 million
Development of High-Rate Biomethanation Processes as Means of Reducing GHG EmissionsThe project seeks to control emissions of methane in India by applying state-of-the-art high-rate biomethanation technology to different waste compositions.GEF/UNDPTotal: $5.5 million
GEF: $5.5 million
Energy Efficiency ProgramThe purpose of this program is to promote the marketing of energy efficient electrical equipment (motors, compressors,
lighting, etc.) used in the industrial and commercial sectors in Mexico. The program comprises (a) a campaign of cash incentives to stimulate the market for energy-efficient
electrical equipment ($28 million), (b) a marketing and market development campaign to surmount the barriers to the
widespread use and commercial financing of that equipment ($13.5 million), (c) a study of innovative rate options ($200,000), and (d) a program to monitor the transformation of the market ($500,000).
IDBTotal: $46.8 million
IDB: $23.4 million
Mexico Air Quality IIThe project will support the Mexican Government’s Air Quality Program (PROAIRE II). The project’s main
objectives include strengthening of the air-quality management institutional framework and formulation of an integrated air quality and transport management
strategy. In the transportation sector, the project will promote the use of cleaner fuels (e.g., natural gas) and fuel-efficient vehicles.
GEF/World BankTotal: $130 million
World Bank: $70 million
GEF: $20 million
ILUMEX (Energy Efficient Lighting Project)ILUMEX is designed to demonstrate the impact of utility investments in lighting efficiency. The project is implemented
at the Federal Electricity Commission and aims at replacing 1.7 million conventional lamps with compact fluorescent lamps in the cities of Monterrey and Guadalajara by 2006.
GEF/World BankTotal: $23 million
World Bank: $10 million
GEF: $10 million
Government of Norway: $3 million
Leyte/Luzon Geothermal ProjectThe project addressed the rapidly increasing demand for electrical power using technology that substantially reduces
GHG emissions. The National Power Corporation (NPC) components of the project include the interconnection of the
electrical power systems of Leyte and Luzon Islands and the strengthening of the environmental and social engineering
departments of NPC. The Philippine National Oil Company (PNOC) components of the project include the construction
and operation of a 440 MW geothermal electric generation plant under a BOT contract, reinjection of waste gases to
further reduce GHG emissions, and connection of the power station to the national grid.
GEF/World BankTotal: $1.3 billion
GEF: $30 million
Metro Manila Air Quality Improvement (Investment Loan)The loan will support public sector investments for traffic engineering and management, traffic enforcement capacity,
training in traffic planning and management, road rehabilitation,
ambient air quality monitoring facilities, antismoke-belching programs, capacity building and institutional development,
training for air quality management, and consulting services.
ADBTotal: $122.30 million
ADB: $61.70 million
Metro Manila Air Quality Improvement (Air Pollution Control Facility)The Air Pollution Control Facility will assist industries, commercial establishments, and public transport companies in making the investments necessary for the monitoring and reduction of air emissions. It will be used to contribute to the funding of air pollution monitoring equipment for individual or groups of industries, the installation of pollution abatement
equipment, or, in the case of the transport sector, investments in the rehabilitation of the public transport fleet.
ADBTotal: $25 million
ADB: $25 million
Philippine Climate Change Mitigation ProgramThis technical assistance program concentrates on activities that promote clean fuel power generation systems, increase energy efficiency, and improve power sector policies, planning, and environmental compliance. The Philippine Department of Energy is the lead agency involved in the program’s implementation.USAIDTotal: $8.9 million 1998–2001

Appendix B - Useful Contacts
Activities Implemented Jointly Program
c/o The World Bank
Carbon Offset Unit
1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20433
Tel: 202–473–4279
Fax: 202–522–3256

African Development Bank
Rue Joseph Anoma
01 BP 1387, Abijan 01
Cote d’Ivoire
Tel: 225–20–44–44
Fax: 225–21–77–53

Asia Alternative Energy Program
c/o The World Bank
1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20433
Tel: 202–458–1405
Fax: 202–477–2743

Asian Development Bank Headquarters:
6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong City
0401 Metro Manila, Philippines
P.O. Box 789
0980 Manila, Philippines
Tel: 63–2–632–4444
Fax: 63–2–636–2444
North American Representative Office:
1730 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W., Suite 975
Washington, D.C. 20006
Tel: 202–626–0050
Fax: 202–626–0055

Energy Sector Management Assistance Program
c/o The World Bank
1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20433
Tel: 202–458–2321
Fax: 202–522–3018

Export–Import Bank of the United States
811 Vermont Avenue, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20571
Tel: 800–565–EXIM or 202–565–3946
Fax: 202–565–3380

Global Environment Facility
GEF Secretariat
1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20433
Tel: 202–473–0508
Fax: 202–522–3240

Inter-American Development Bank
Public Information Center
1300 New York Ave, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20577
Tel: 202–623–2096
Fax: 202–623–1928

International Utility Efficiency Partnerships
701 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW, Suite 500
Washington, D.C. 20004–2696
Tel: 202–508–5510
Fax: 202–508–5080

OPIC Allied Capital International Small Business Fund
Allied Capital Corporation
1666 K St., N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20006
Tel: 202–331–1112
Fax: 202–659–2053

OPIC Global Environmental Emerging Market Fund
GEF Management Corp.
1201 New York Ave., Ste. 200
Washington, D.C. 20005
Tel: 202–789–4500
Fax: 202–789–4508

United Nations Development Programme
One United Nations Plaza
New York, NY 100017
Washington, D.C. Liaison Office:
1775 K Street, N.W., Suite 420
Washington, D.C. 20006
Tel: 202–331–9130
Fax: 202–331–9363

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Secretariat
P.O. Box 260124
D-53153 Bonn, Germany
Tel: 49–228–815–1000
Fax: 49–228–815–1999

U.S. Agency for International Development
Information Center
Ronald Reagan Building
Washington, D.C. 20523-0016
Tel: 202–712–4810
Fax: 202–216–3524

U.S. Country Studies Program and United States Initiative on Joint Implementation (Secretariat)
Forrestal Building, PO-6, Room GP-196
1000 Independence Avenue, S.W.
Washington, D.C. 20585
Tel: 202–586–3288
Fax: 202–586–3485

U.S. Department of Commerce
International Trade Administration
Environmental Technologies Exports
HCHB Room 1003
Washington, D.C. 20230
Tel: 202–482–5225
Fax: 202–482–5665
The Advocacy Center
Tel: 202–482–3896
Fax: 202–482–3508
United States Export Assistance Centers
Tel: 310–980–4550
Fax: 310–980–4561
Tel: 312–353–8040
Fax: 312–353–8098
Tel: 305–526–7425
Fax: 305–526–7434
Tel: 410–962–4539
Fax: 410–962–4529
Multilateral Development Bank Operations
Tel: 202–482–3399
Fax: 202–273–0927
The U.S. Foreign and Commercial Service
Tel: 202–482–5777
Fax: 202–482–5013
The Trade Information Center
Tel: 1–800–USA–TRADE (800–872–8723)
or 202–482–0543
Fax: 202–482–4473

U.S. Department of Energy
Forrestal Building, Room 1E-206
1000 Independence Avenue, S.W.
Washington, D.C. 20585
Office of Public Inquiries:
Tel: 202–586–5575

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
401 M Street, S.W.
Washington, D.C. 20460
Public Information Center:
Tel: 202–260–7751

U.S. Overseas Private Investment Corporation
1100 New York Avenue, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20527
Tel: 202–336–8799
Fax: 202–408–9866

U.S. Small Business Administration
409 3rd Street, S.W., 6th Floor
Washington, D.C. 20416
Tel: 800–U–ASK–SBA

U.S. Trade and Development Agency
SA-16, Room 309
Washington, D.C. 20513-1602
Tel: 703–875–4357
Fax: 703–875–4009

The World Bank
1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20433
Public Information Center:
Tel: 202–458–5454
Fax: 202–522–1500
Development Business Liaison Office
Tel: 202–458–2397
Fax: 202–522–3316

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