|Environmental Technologies Industries
|Malaysia Environmental Export Market Plan|
|Chapter 5 - Solid Waste Management|
|Tons x 1,000||1990||1992||2000||2005||2010|
|Central and Eastern Regions|
|Consortium Alma Flora Sdn. Bhd.|
HICOM Holdings Bhd.
Pembinaan Jayabumi Sarawak Sdn. Bhd.
Kumpulan Jetson Sdn. Bhd.
State governments of Selangor, Pahang, Terengganu, and Kelantan
Projected investments: RM4.7 billion over 20 years
|East Malaysia (including Labuan)|
|MMC Environmental Sdn. Bhd.|
Sinoh Environmental Sdn. Bhd.
State governments of Sarawak and Sabah
Projected investments: RM1.8-RM2 billion over 20 years
|Rumpun Hijau Corp. Sdn. Bhd.|
Wagon Engineering Sdn. Bhd.
MHES Sdn. Bhd.
Zamrud Maju Sdn. Bhd.
Maju Egatt (M) Sdn. Bhd.
State governments of Perak, Penang, Kedah, and Perlis
Technical consultant: Malaysian Management Consultants
Projected investments: RM500 million - RM1 billion over 20 years
|Consortium Conseec Gali:|
Group Asas Montery
TNB Engineering Consultants
Engineering and Environmental Consultants Sdn. Bhd.
State governments of Negeri Sembilan, Melaka, and Johor
Technical consultant: Black & Veatch International
Projected investments: RM2 billion over 20 years
Concessions Plan Investments in Solid Waste Management
Central and Eastern Regions
In Kuala Lumpur (population: 1.3 million), the concession holder, Alam Flora Sdn. Bhd., has begun a pilot privatization program to phase in the National Solid Waste Management Plan. HICOM Holdings Bhd., one of the country's largest diversified groups, holds a 40 percent interest in the consortium; Kumpulan Jetson, 20 percent; Pembinaan Jayabumi, 20 percent; while four state governments (Selangor, Pahang, Terengganu, and Kelantan) have taken 5 percent shares.
To lay the groundwork, HICOM conducted a full audit of municipal solid waste (MSW) management systems in 42 municipalities with a team of Canadian and Malaysian experts. Since January 1, 1997, the consortium has taken over eight service areas in the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur that were the responsibility of local utility Dewan Bandaraya Kuala Lumpur (DBKL). DBKL directly serviced 40 percent of the area, including the city center, Ampang, Damansara, Bangsar, and Sungei Besi. (The remaining 60 percent was serviced by 23 private collectors.)
The consortium is consolidating DBKL’s waste management activities and then plans to reorganize them into eight zones with decentralized authority. Under its draft concession agreement, Alam Flora will spend RM.7 billion ($1.4 billion) over the next 20 years. A primary goal of the concession holder's plan is the siting and integration of large-scale regional sanitary landfills that will be serviced by strategically located transfer stations, road transport, and rail haul. These sites will replace many unsafe dumps. Alam Flora plans to shut down 80 of the 83 central region landfills and build 13 new ones that will meet international standards. In addition, HICOM, as part of the Alam Flora consortium, plans to build 27 transfer stations.
It also aims to build two incinerators for about RM1.5 billion ($440 million) to be located in the Klang Valley and Cameron Highlands. The company is conducting a four-month feasibility study that includes site selection and an environmental impact assessment. Landfills to be built in the Klang Valley and Selangor will occupy from 25 to 100 hectares. Smaller landfills will be constructed in the east coast states. Transfer stations, to be built around Kuala Lumpur, Klang, and Sepang, will have 500–1,000 tons per day (t/d) capacity.
Another focus of Alam Flora's strategy will be a program for progressive waste reduction. The program will enlist cooperation with waste generators, national and local government agencies, recyclers, and the general public.
Northern Waste Industries (NWI), the concession holder for Kedah, Perlis, Penang, and Perak, is a consortium comprising Rumpun Hijau Corp. Sdn. Bhd. (40 percent), Wagon Engineering (10 percent), MHES (10 percent), Zamrud Maju (10 percent), and Maju Egatt Sdn. Bhd. (10 percent). The four state governments each hold 5 percent. The group plans a spending program of RM500 million to RM1 billion ($147 million to 290 million) over a 20-year period. Responsibility will cover 29 local authorities, including Ipoh, Penang, Alor Start, and Kangar.
The overall strategy is to have an integrated system of waste management, with recycling and waste reuse programs that will help reduce the amount of waste going into landfills. NWI is examining various methods. Collection will probably use standardized storage systems at the source and collection vehicles that are fitted with mechanized lifters. Waste will be treated at materials recovery facilities.
Eastern Waste Management is led by MMC Engineering Services Sdn. Bhd, which owns 70 percent. Sabah-based Sinoh Environmental Sdn. Bhd. has taken a 10 percent share, and the Sabah and Sarawak state governments have each been allocated 5 percent equity. It is unclear who owns the remaining 10 percent.
According to initial reports, the group employ a flexible disposal technology that includes possibly two central sanitary landfills capable of handling 300–400 t/d in major cities such as Kota Kinabalu (Sabah) and Kuching (Sarawak). The company, which hired an Australian consultant, plans to set up transfer stations for processing and treatment patterned after the Australian system. Recycling will be introduced later.