|Environmental Technologies Industries
|Portugal Environmental Export Market Plan|
|Chapter 2-The Environmental Scene|
|A. From the EU to Portugal|
|(in percent of GDP)|
|(in percent of GDP)|
|(in percent of total investment)|
|B. From Portugal to the EU|
|(In percent of GDP)|
|C. Net transfers (A-B)|
|(in percent of GDP)|
|European Union Structural Funds|
The European Union (EU) uses three funding mechanisms to assist in European economic development. These funds are the European Social Fund, the European Regional Development Fund, and the Financial Instrument of Fisheries Guidance, the European Agricultural Guidance and Guarantee Fund, and Community Initiatives. A primary objective of the EU structural funds is to promote economic development in areas that have a gross domestic product (GDP) that is below 75 percent of the EU average per capita GDP.
The structural funds also aim at assisting in the modernization of European agriculture, fisheries, and industry, as well as protection of the environment. The EU funds several programs to accomplish these goals in Portugal.
The Environmental program, which runs until 1999, includes four principal activities: conservation of natural resources and improvements to the environment, technical assistance, improvements in the environmental impact of productive activities, and increasing public awareness and support for environmental programs. This program is managed in Portugal by the Gabinete do Gestor do Programa Ambiente, Rua de O Século #51, 1200 Lisboa. Telephone: (351-1) 3462751; Fax: (351-1) 3463730.
The so-called Interregis II program has as its goal the development of national parks to protect the environment, particularly fragile zones; the building of water treatment plants and pipelines to distribute potable water to the population; the development of renewable energy sources; prevention and elimination of pollution; and the development of administrative procedures for proper planning to protect the environment, particularly in border areas. This program is managed by the Direcçâo-Geral do Desenvolvimento Regional (DGDR). Rua de S. Juliâo # 63, 1100 Lisbon. Telephone: (351-1) 8814000; Fax: (351-1) 8881111.
The Life program, funded until 1999, has as its principal objective the support of innovative ways of reaching sustainable economic development without damaging the environment. It also funds projects to protect endangered species and protect natural habitats of endangered species. This program operates in Portugal under the management of the Direcçâo-Geral do Ambiente (DGA), R. da Murgeira, Zambujal, Apartado 7585; 2720 Alfragide, Portugal. Telephone: (351-1) 4728200; Fax: (351-1) 4719074.
The EU guarantees fair bidding in structural funds projects, according to the EU public procurement principles. Projects funded by the structural funds are usually below EU procurement rule thresholds. Notices are advertised locally and nationally. Structural funds projects need to be matched by national contributions to the project.
For additional information, contact the Commercial Service, U. S. Mission to the EU, PSC 82, Box 002, APO AE 09724 USA.
|Plans for Treatment of Urban Solid Waste|
There were 13 landfill sites operating in Portugal as of 1997. None meets technical standards needed to avoid environmental damage. Environmental groups feel that they are not up to attainable optimal technical operation to avoid environmental damage.
The Portuguese Government's Strategic Plan for Urban Solid Waste calls for building 40 sanitary landfills throughout the country for the purpose of long-term storage of about 40 percent of the waste produced in Portugal. EU Cohesion Fund grants will be used to help pay for the construction of these new facilities.
% of funding received in 1997
|Ministério do Ambiente |
(Ministry of the Environment)
|Direcção—Geral do Ambiente |
(Directorate General for the Environment)
|Direcções Regionais do Ambiente|
(Regional Directorates of Environment ) (DRARN)
DRARN - Norte
DRARN - Centro
DRARN - Lisboa e Vale do Tajo
DRARN - Algarve
|Instituto da Agua |
|Instituto de Meteorologia |
|Instituto de Conservação da Natureza |
(Institute for Nature Conservation)
|Instituto de Promoção Ambiental|
(Institute for Promoting Environmental Protection) (INAMB)
|Instituto do Consumidor |
|Gabinete de Protecção e Segurança Nuclear (GPSN )|
(Nuclear Safety and Protection Bureau)
|Portuguese Environmental Organizations*|
QUERCUS (National Association for the Conservation of Nature)
Association Portuguesa de tecnologías Ambientais (APEMETA) (Portuguese Association of Environmental Technology)
Associação Portuguesa de Engenheiros do Ambiente (APEA) (Portuguese Association of Environmental Engineers)
Liga para a Protecção da Natureza (LPN) (League for the Protection of the Environment)
Associação Portuguesa para Estudos de Saneamento Básico (APESB) (Portuguese Association for Basic Sanitation Studies)
Associaçâo Portuguesa dos Recursos Hídricos (APRH) (Portuguese Water Resources Association)
Sociedade Portuguesa de Ciencias do Solo (SPCS) (Portuguese Soil Sciences Society)
Instituto Lusiada para a Qualidade da Agua (ILAQUA) (Lusiada Water Quality Institute)
* Partial list. See appendix B for addresses.