Import Administration
Cold-Rolled Steel Flat Products from South Korea (A-580-881)

Scope Description:

The products covered by these orders are certain cold-rolled
(cold-reduced), flat-rolled steel products, whether or not annealed,
painted, varnished, or coated with plastics or other non-metallic
substances. The products covered do not include those that are clad,
plated, or coated with metal. The products covered include coils
that have a width or other lateral measurement (``width'') of 12.7
mm or greater, regardless of form of coil (e.g., in successively
superimposed layers, spirally oscillating, etc.). The products
covered also include products not in coils (e.g., in straight
lengths) of a thickness less than 4.75 mm and a width that is 12.7
mm or greater and that measures at least 10 times the thickness. The
products covered also include products not in coils (e.g., in
straight lengths) of a thickness of 4.75 mm or more and a width exceeding 150 mm and
measuring at least twice the thickness. The products described above
may be rectangular, square, circular, or other shape and include
products of either rectangular or non-rectangular cross-section
where such cross-section is achieved subsequent to the rolling
process, i.e., products which have been ``worked after rolling''
(e.g., products which have been beveled or rounded at the edges).
For purposes of the width and thickness requirements referenced
above:
(1) Where the nominal and actual measurements vary, a product is
within the scope if application of either the nominal or actual
measurement would place it within the scope based on the definitions
set forth above, and
(2) where the width and thickness vary for a specific product
(e.g., the thickness of certain products with non-rectangular cross-
section, the width of certain products with non-rectangular shape,
etc.), the measurement at its greatest width or thickness applies.
Steel products included in the scope of these orders are
products in which: (1) Iron predominates, by weight, over each of
the other contained elements; (2) the carbon content is 2 percent or
less, by weight; and (3) none of the elements listed below exceeds
the quantity, by weight, respectively indicated:

2.50 percent of manganese, or
3.30 percent of silicon, or
1.50 percent of copper, or
1.50 percent of aluminum, or
1.25 percent of chromium, or
0.30 percent of cobalt, or
0.40 percent of lead, or
2.00 percent of nickel, or
0.30 percent of tungsten (also called wolfram), or
0.80 percent of molybdenum, or
0.10 percent of niobium (also called columbium), or
0.30 percent of vanadium, or
0.30 percent of zirconium

Unless specifically excluded, products are included in this
scope regardless of levels of boron and titanium.
For example, specifically included in this scope are vacuum
degassed, fully stabilized (commonly referred to as interstitial-
free (IF)) steels, high strength low alloy (HSLA) steels, motor
lamination steels, Advanced High Strength Steels (AHSS), and Ultra
High Strength Steels (UHSS). IF steels are recognized as low carbon
steels with micro-alloying levels of elements such as titanium and/
or niobium added to stabilize carbon and nitrogen elements. HSLA
steels are recognized as steels with micro-alloying levels of
elements such as chromium, copper, niobium, titanium, vanadium, and
molybdenum. Motor lamination steels contain micro-alloying levels of
elements such as silicon and aluminum. AHSS and UHSS are considered
high tensile strength and high elongation steels, although AHSS and
UHSS are covered whether or not they are high tensile strength or
high elongation steels.
Subject merchandise includes cold-rolled steel that has been
further processed in a third country, including but not limited to
annealing, tempering, painting, varnishing, trimming, cutting,
punching, and/or slitting, or any other processing that would not
otherwise remove the merchandise from the scope of the orders if
performed in the country of manufacture of the cold-rolled steel.
All products that meet the written physical description, and in
which the chemistry quantities do not exceed any one of the noted
element levels listed above, are within the scope of these orders
unless specifically excluded. The following products are outside of
and/or specifically excluded from the scope of these orders:
Ball bearing steels; \11\
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\11\ Ball bearing steels are defined as steels which contain, in
addition to iron, each of the following elements by weight in the
amount specified: (i) Not less than 0.95 nor more than 1.13 percent
of carbon; (ii) not less than 0.22 nor more than 0.48 percent of
manganese; (iii) none, or not more than 0.03 percent of sulfur; (iv)
none, or not more than 0.03 percent of phosphorus; (v) not less than
0.18 nor more than 0.37 percent of silicon; (vi) not less than 1.25
nor more than 1.65 percent of chromium; (vii) none, or not more than
0.28 percent of nickel; (viii) none, or not more than 0.38 percent
of copper; and (ix) none, or not more than 0.09 percent of
molybdenum.
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Tool steels; \12\
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\12\ Tool steels are defined as steels which contain the
following combinations of elements in the quantity by weight
respectively indicated: (i) More than 1.2 percent carbon and more
than 10.5 percent chromium; or (ii) not less than 0.3 percent carbon
and 1.25 percent or more but less than 10.5 percent chromium; or
(iii) not less than 0.85 percent carbon and 1 percent to 1.8
percent, inclusive, manganese; or (iv) 0.9 percent to 1.2 percent,
inclusive, chromium and 0.9 percent to 1.4 percent, inclusive,
molybdenum; or (v) not less than 0.5 percent carbon and not less
than 3.5 percent molybdenum; or (vi) not less than 0.5 percent
carbon and not less than 5.5 percent tungsten.
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Silico-manganese steel; \13\
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\13\ Silico-manganese steel is defined as steels containing by
weight: (i) Not more than 0.7 percent of carbon; (ii) 0.5 percent or
more but not more than 1.9 percent of manganese, and (iii) 0.6
percent or more but not more than 2.3 percent of silicon.
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Grain-oriented electrical steels (GOES) as defined in
the final determination of the U.S. Department of Commerce in Grain-
Oriented Electrical Steel From Germany, Japan, and Poland.\14\
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\14\ See Grain-Oriented Electrical Steel From Germany, Japan,
and Poland: Final Determinations of Sales at Less Than Fair Value
and Certain Final Affirmative Determination of Critical
Circumstances, 79 FR 42501, 42503 (July 22, 2014). This
determination defines grain-oriented electrical steel as ``a flat-
rolled alloy steel product containing by weight at least 0.6 percent
but not more than 6 percent of silicon, not more than 0.08 percent
of carbon, not more than 1.0 percent of aluminum, and no other
element in an amount that would give the steel the characteristics
of another alloy steel, in coils or in straight lengths.''
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Non-Oriented Electrical Steels (NOES), as defined in
the antidumping orders issued by the U.S. Department of Commerce in
Non-Oriented Electrical Steel From the People's Republic of China,
Germany, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Sweden, and Taiwan.\15\
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\15\ See Non-Oriented Electrical Steel From the People's
Republic of China, Germany, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Sweden,
and Taiwan: Antidumping Duty Orders, 79 FR 71741, 71741-42 (December
3, 2014). The orders define NOES as ``cold-rolled, flat-rolled,
alloy steel products, whether or not in coils, regardless of width,
having an actual thickness of 0.20 mm or more, in which the core
loss is substantially equal in any direction of magnetization in the
plane of the material. The term `substantially equal' means that the
cross grain direction of core loss is no more than 1.5 times the
straight grain direction (i.e., the rolling direction) of core loss.
NOES has a magnetic permeability that does not exceed 1.65 Tesla
when tested at a field of 800 A/m (equivalent to 10 Oersteds) along
(i.e., parallel to) the rolling direction of the sheet (i.e., B800
value). NOES contains by weight more than 1.00 percent of silicon
but less than 3.5 percent of silicon, not more than 0.08 percent of
carbon, and not more than 1.5 percent of aluminum. NOES has a
surface oxide coating, to which an insulation coating may be
applied.''
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The products subject to these orders are currently classified in
the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTSUS) under
item numbers: 7209.15.0000, 7209.16.0030, 7209.16.0060,
7209.16.0070, 7209.16.0091, 7209.17.0030, 7209.17.0060,
7209.17.0070, 7209.17.0091, 7209.18.1530, 7209.18.1560,
7209.18.2510, 7209.18.2520, 7209.18.2580, 7209.18.6020,
7209.18.6090, 7209.25.0000, 7209.26.0000, 7209.27.0000,
7209.28.0000, 7209.90.0000, 7210.70.3000, 7211.23.1500,
7211.23.2000, 7211.23.3000, 7211.23.4500, 7211.23.6030,
7211.23.6060, 7211.23.6090, 7211.29.2030, 7211.29.2090,
7211.29.4500, 7211.29.6030, 7211.29.6080, 7211.90.0000,
7212.40.1000, 7212.40.5000, 7225.50.6000, 7225.50.8080,
7225.99.0090, 7226.92.5000, 7226.92.7050, and 7226.92.8050. The
products subject to these orders may also enter under the following
HTSUS numbers: 7210.90.9000, 7212.50.0000, 7215.10.0010,
7215.10.0080, 7215.50.0016, 7215.50.0018, 7215.50.0020,
7215.50.0061, 7215.50.0063, 7215.50.0065, 7215.50.0090,
7215.90.5000, 7217.10.1000, 7217.10.2000, 7217.10.3000,
7217.10.7000, 7217.90.1000, 7217.90.5030, 7217.90.5060,
7217.90.5090, 7225.19.0000, 7226.19.1000, 7226.19.9000,
7226.99.0180, 7228.50.5015, 7228.50.5040, 7228.50.5070,
7228.60.8000, and 7229.90.1000.
The HTSUS subheadings above are provided for convenience and
U.S. Customs purposes only. The written description of the scope of
the orders is dispositive.