Market Reports/Tariffs
Textiles, Apparel, Footwear and Travel Goods

Ecuador

Import Tariffs
Documentation/Procedures
Restrictions
Standards
Labeling
Market Information

Last updated on 07/30/2012

If you have any questions about the following information, please contact Laurie Mease at the U.S. Department of Commerce- Office of Textiles and Apparel at 202-482-3400 or click here for e-mail access.

**The following information is provided only as a guide and should be confirmed with the proper authorities before embarking on any export activities.**


Import Tariffs - Ecuador
Ecuador is a member of the Andean Community - CAN along with are Bolivia, Colombia, and Peru. Although CAN has a common external tariff (CET) that applies to imports from third countries, it is a phased tariff structure that reflects the similar orientation of each members' tariff policies. The CET does not appear to be harmonized for textile and apparel products. Import duties are quoted ad valorem on the c.i.f. (cost, insurance and freight) value of shipments. However, a few specific duties based on units of weight or measure remain.

Ecuador Tariffs (percent ad valorem) for Textiles, Apparel, Footwear and Travel Goods
HS Chapter/Subheading
Tariff Rate Range (%)
Yarn
-silk
5003-5006
0 - 20
-wool
5105-5110
0 - 25
-cotton
5204-5207
15 - 25
-other vegetable fiber
5306-5308
0 - 15
-man-made fiber
5401-5406/5501-5511
0 - 25
........................
Woven Fabric
-silk
5007
20
-wool
5111-5113
20
-cotton
5208-5212
20
-other vegetable fiber
5309-5311
20
-man-made fiber
5407-5408/5512-5516
15 - 20
Knit Fabric
60
20
.........................
Non Woven Fabric
5603
0 - 15
Industrial Fabric
59
0 - 20
........................
Apparel
61-62
*
Home Furnishings
including: bed, bath, kitchen linens, etc.......
63
0 - 30*
........................
Carpet

Footwear

Travel Goods
57

64

4202
30

15*

30
    *Footwear, apparel and textile articles are subject to compound tariffs (i.e., a charge per unit plus a percent of value), effective June 1, 2010. Per units: Ch. 61, 62 & 63 - $5.5/kg + 10%; Ch. 64 - $6.0/pair + 10%; and 640610 -$3./unit + 10%
For more detailed tariff information, see the Current Situation of Schedules of Members on the World Trade Organization website.

Customs valuation--The Ministry of Finance and Public Credit is authorized to establish lists of minimum prices for some imported merchandise, such as textile imports.

Additional Import Taxes and Fees--All imports are subject to a 12-percent VAT (value added tax), 0.05 percent modernization fee, 0.25 per thousand for the Exports and Investment Promotion Corporation (CORPEI), and an additional 0.5 percent tax for the Children's Development Fund. Except for the CORPEI contribution, which is based on the FOB value, all other charges are based on the c.i.f. value plus duty. Goods subject to pre-shipment inspection are also subject to an inspection fee of up to 1 percent of the FOB value.

Temporary Goods/Samples--Ecuador allows temporary entry of items used for demonstration or fairs. During this period, the obligation to pay taxes and duties is suspended, with the condition that the commodities be re-exported.

If your product is primarily made in the U.S. of U.S. originating components it may qualify for duty-free entry into countries with which the U.S. has a free trade agreement (FTA). The U.S. currently has FTAs with the following countries: Australia, Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Jordan, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Panama, Peru, Singapore and South Korea. See the FTA Tariff Tool, to determine the duty-free status or reduced duties that apply to products eligible under these free trade agreements.

Additional resources for tariff information:

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Import Documentation/Procedures (Ecuador)


Sanitary Registration Certificate--Importation of medical disposable products is subject to authorization from the Ministry of Health and requires a Sanitary Registration Certificate. The National Hygiene Institute, the official laboratory of the Ministry of Health, is responsible for granting and regulating registrations and approvals for the sector. Obtaining the certificate can be a cumbersome process that can take anywhere from six months to one year. Before the products can be registered, the agent/distributor or importer must request a permit from the Ministry of Health.

For more information on local customs rules and regulations:
Aduana del Ecuador - SENAE

For information on common export documents, such as transportation documents, export compliance documents, certificates of origin, certificates for shipments of specific goods, temporary shipment documents, and other export-related documents, see the Export.gov webpage on Common Export Documents.

For country-specific information on import procedures and documentation requirements, see the
Country Commercial Guides (CCG) on the export.gov website.

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Import Restrictions (Ecuador)
No information is currently available on any bans, quotas, or other restrictions.
U.S. Export Restrictions:

The Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) in the U.S. Department of the Treasury administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions against targeted foreign countries, terrorists, and international narcotics traffickers and their agents in accordance with U.S. foreign policy and national security goals. The OFAC website includes summaries of sanctions programs for various countries and the “Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons” (SDNs) list of entities and individuals with whom U.S. persons may not conduct business and whose property must be blocked if under the control of a U.S. person.

The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) in the U.S. Department of Commerce is responsible for implementing and enforcing the Export Administration Regulations (EAR), which regulate the export and re-export of most commercial items. BIS maintains the Denied Persons List, which consists of individuals, and companies that have been denied export and re-export privileges by BIS, and the Entity List, which consists of foreign end users who pose an unacceptable risk of diverting U.S. exports and the technology they contain to alternate destinations for the development of weapons of mass destruction
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Standards - Ecuador

Certificate of conformity--Imports of certain textile and apparel products be accompanied by a certificate indicating conformity to Ecuadorian standards, standards of the International Standards Organization, or other accepted international standards and technical regulations. The certificate, which is required to obtain an import permit, must be issued by an institution in the country of origin that has been approved by the INEN, the ISO, or other recognized authority.

Resolution No. 002-2008 of CONCAL (National Quality Council) requires importers of products subject to mandatory INEN technical standards to obtain a Certificate of Conformity from INEN. Textile, apparel and footwear products subject to labeling requirements must comply with the above Resolution. Resolution No. 001-2008 specifically identifies apparel and textile home furnishing products in HS chapters 61-63 as subject to mandatory standards.

Under RTE INEN 127 - Carpets and Other Floor Coverings, Of Textile Material, carpets and other floor coverings of textile material, must comply with the ASTM D2859 for testing finished textile floor covering materials for flammability, as well as provide meet specific labeling requirements.

Some standards related to textiles, apparel, and footwear:
  • NTE INEN 255 Quality control. Sampling procedures and attribute inspection tables.
  • NTE INEN 257 Clothing size designations. Outer clothing for women and girls.
  • NTE INEN 877 Personal protection items. Rubber boots. Requirements
  • NTE INEN 1 873 Clothing size designations. Outer clothing for men and boys.
  • NTE INEN 1874 Clothing size designations. Baby clothes.
  • NTE INEN 1875 Textiles. Items of apparel. Labels. Requirements
  • NTE INEN 1915 Footwear. Sampling
  • NTE INEN 1920 Leather footwear for general use. Requirements
  • NTE INEN 1921 Footwear for general use. Requirements
  • NTE INEN 1926 Work and safety footwear. Requirements
  • NTE INEN 1950 Footwear sizes. Labelling. Requirements
  • NTE INEN 1951 Footwear sizes. Basic characteristics

Local standards organization and other resources:


The National Center for Standards and Certification Information (NCSCI) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in the U.S. Department of Commerce provides information on U.S. and foreign standards, technical regulations, and conformity assessment procedures for non-agricultural products. NCSCI staff responds to requests for information by identifying relevant standards and regulations, and by referral to the appropriate standards-developers or private-sector organizations. Under copyright restrictions, NCSCI cannot provide copies of standards, but NCSCI does provide sources for accessing standards.


Notify U.S. - Member countries of the World Trade Organization (WTO) are required under the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT Agreement) to report to the WTO all proposed technical regulations that could affect trade with other Member countries. Notify U.S. is a free, web-based e-mail subscription service that offers U.S. companies an opportunity to review and comment on proposed foreign technical regulations that may affect their access to international markets.

Additional resources:

Examples of voluntary formaldehyde labeling programs

American Apparel and Footwear Association's Restricted Substances List

American National Standards Institute (ANSI)

ASTM International

International Organization for Standardization (ISO)


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Labeling - Ecuador

Labels are required on clothing (including leather and fur), footwear and related accessories (such as belts, bags and headgear), and made-up textile products (including household linens such as sheets, blankets, bedspreads, tablecloths, towels, curtains and similar). Labels must be in Spanish, although other languages can be used as well.

In Ecuador, labels are classified as technical, brand, hanging, and control, and are defined as follows:

  • Technical labeling indicates the technical characteristics of the product.
  • Brand labeling refers to the trademark and/or logo.
  • Additional or hanging tag labeling contains additional information, such as: price, size, or anything else that the manufacturer considers necessary as long as it is not misleading.
  • Control labeling contains exclusive information for the manufacturer and is used for internal control purposes.
Only the technical label is mandatory. The additional label, the control label and the brand label are optional.

Clothing and Home textiles
Under regulation RTE INEN No. 013 - Labeling of Apparel, Home Textiles and Clothing Accessories for Technical Labeling, products must be labeled with the following information:
  • size code according to NTE INEN 257; NTE INEN 1873 and NTE INEN 1874, where applicable
  • dimensions for household linens
  • percentage of fibers used and/or materials used
  • trade name and tax identification (RUC) of the manufacturer or importer
  • country of origin
  • care instructions according to Annex A of NTE INEN 1875 -- care instructions may be in symbols and/or in words
The requirements also apply to clothing and accessories of leather and fur.

Footwear
Under regulation RTE INEN 080 - Labeling of Footwear for Technical Labeling, both units in the pair of footwear must be permanently labeled with the information listed below:
  • materials used in the manufacture of the four parts that make up the shoe: uppers, lining, insole and sole
  • trade name and tax identification number (RUC) of the manufacturer or importer
  • country of origin
Materials used in the manufacture of the 4 component parts of the footwear can be expressed by using text, pictograms or both.

Leather Travel Goods
Under regulation RTE INEN 157 - Labeling of Leather Goods, travel goods made of leather must have a permanent label including the following information:
  • predominant material composing a) exterior material or coating and b) lining material:
  • name and fiscal identification (RUC) of the domestic manufacturer, or the importer
  • country of origin
  • care and maintenance instructions (optional)
Textile Floorcoverings
Under RTE INEN 127 - Carpets and Other Floor Coverings, Of Textile Material, carpets and other floor coverings of textile material, must comply with the ASTM D2859 for testing finished textile floor covering materials for flammability and include the following information in a permanent label:
  • Type and percentage of the textile fiber (s) used on the surface of use
  • Dimensions, except for carpets and floor coverings in roll
  • Total thickness, in mm
  • Total mass per unit area, in g / m2
  • Recommendations on typical areas of use, for which the product is considered as appropriate
  • Type of manufacturing technique (machine or hand)
  • Company name or manufacturer's name
  • Country of origin
  • Identification of the lot
  • Cleaning and maintenance instructions
  • Installation instructions, when applicable
  • Number of carpet tiles per box, when applicable
A Certificate of Conformity must be presented to demonstrate compliance with the above technical regulations on labeling. The assessment and certification of compliance must be performed by accredited entities to the Ecuadorian Accreditation Organization (OAE) or designated by the Sub-secretary of Quality of the Ministry of Industry and Productivity (MIPRO).

For additional information and and most current regulation texts, see the Instituto Ecuatoriano de Normalizacion - INEN (Ecuadorian Standards Institute).

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Market Information - Ecuador


No specific information is available.




U.S. companies may contact the U.S. Commercial Service for information and personalized counseling at every step of the exporting process. Find a U.S. Export Assistance Centers near you.

For information on protecting trademarks, designs, patents and copyrights, see the STOPFAKES.GOV website. STOPFAKES.GOV is dedicated to helping U.S. companies protect their innovations and safely market their products at home and overseas. Find guidance and resources on how to register your company's intellectual property and protect it from counterfeiting and piracy. Also find IPR toolkits for select countries, as well as other country-specific information.

For information on selling to foreign governments, see the Global Procurement Opportunities website.

Other sources for market information and data:

The U.S. Commercial Service Market Research Library contains more than 100,000 industry and country-specific market reports, authored by specialists working in overseas posts. Some market research reports are available only to U.S. companies and U.S. students/researchers that are registered with Export.gov. Available reports are listed below.


Ecuador: Franchise Sector Market Research (01/2012)

OTEXA Export Market Report (U.S. export data for textiles, apparel, footwear and travel goods)

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Foreign Agricultural Service

U.S. Department of State - U.S. Embassies, Consulates, and Diplomatic Missions

U.S. Office of the Trade Representative

Local Industry and Trade Associations

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