Market Reports/Tariffs
Textiles, Apparel, Footwear and Travel Goods

Argentina

Import Tariffs
Documentation/Procedures
Restrictions
Standards
Labeling
Intellectual Property Rights
Market Information

Last updated on 02/27/2013

If you have any questions about the following information, please contact Robert Carrigg at the U.S. Department of Commerce Office of Textiles and Apparel at 202-482-3400 or click here for e-mail access.

**The following information is provided only as a guide and should be confirmed with the proper authorities before embarking on any export activities.**


Import Tariffs - Argentina
Argentina and its Southern Cone Common Market (MERCOSUR) partners, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay apply a common external tariff (CET) on most products imported from non-MERCOSUR countries. However, there are a number of exceptions in several categories, including textile and apparel products. Full CET product coverage, which would result in duty free movement within MERCOSUR, was originally scheduled for implementation in 2006, but has been deferred until 2009. Tariffs, listed in the table below, are assessed on an ad valorem basis, i.e., duties are assessed as a percentage of the cost, insurance, and freight (c.i.f.) value of the imported merchandise.

Argentina: Tariffs (percent ad valorem) for Textiles, Apparel, Footwear and Travel Goods
HS Chapter/Subheading
Tariff Rate Range (%)
Yarn
-silk
5003-5006
4 - 16
-wool
5105-5110
10 - 16
-cotton
5204-5207
14 - 16
-other vegetable fiber
5306-5308
14
-man-made fiber
5401-5406/5501-5511
2 - 18
........................
Woven Fabric
-silk
5007
26
-wool
5111-5113
2 - 26
-cotton
5208-5212
26
-other vegetable fiber
5309-5311
26
-man-made fiber
5407-5408/5512-5516
2 - 26
........................
Knit Fabric
60
26
........................
Non Woven Fabric
5603
2 - 26
........................
Industrial Fabric
59
10 - 26
........................
Apparel
61-62
35
........................
Home Furnishings
including: bed, bath, kitchen linens, etc.
63
35*
........................
Carpet

Footwear

Travel Goods
* HS 6307.90.20 = 2%
57

64

4202
35

18 - 35

20

For more detailed tariff information, see the Current Situation of Schedules of Members on the World Trade Organization website.

The MERCOSUR website provides the CET (i.e., AEC - Arancel Externo Comun) for the MERCOSUR member countries, which may be different from the effective rates depending on the agreed upon exceptions. On the MERCOSUR website, in the middle of the right hand column, click on "Arancel Externo Comun". Or, go directly to the Arancel Externo Comun page.

Reference or Minimum Import Prices--"Criterion values" (also known as minium import prices or reference values) are used by Argentine Customs as a means to prevent the under-invoicing of imports. When there is a difference between the criterion value and the declared value, the importer must make a deposit for taxes due on the price differential. This deposit is held during the period of investigation on the "real/market" import price.

See a list of criterion values at http://www.afip.gob.ar/Aduana/valoracion/valores.criterios.pdf. Argentina's list of criterion values for various products is modified frequently. U.S. exporters are advised to contact their Argentine importer for the most recent information or check with the Administración Federal de Ingresos Públicos (Federal Administration of Public Revenue) - AFIP.

Taxes and Other Import Fees--In addition to import tariffs, the following fees and taxes may apply:
  • 0.5 percent statistics fee on the c.i.f. value (a cap of $500 applies for textile products)
  • 21 percent VAT (value added tax) on the c.i.f. value plus tariff and statistics fee
  • verification tax with a maximum rate of 2 percent on the customs value
Temporary entry/samples--When sending samples to Argentina, a Customs Declaration for Promotional Material application form must be submitted. The Temporary Admission Regime (TAR) allows duty-free admission of goods such as commercial samples, packaging, pallets, containers, and goods for exhibits. The exports must be completed within the stipulated time as set by customs in accordance with the type of imported merchandise. Failure to re-export goods will result in a fine. A bond is required to cover the value of import charges for the goods. The bond will be refunded when the goods are re-exported.

For information on how to determine tariff rates, see the Export.gov webpage on Tariffs and Import Fees.

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Import Documentation/Procedures (Argentina)

Port Restrictions--Customs Resolution No. 3/2010 provides an updated list of authorized ports-of-entry for textiles and apparel (NCM chapters 50-63), footwear (NCM chapter 64) and travel goods (NCM 42.02). The new resolution lists two additional authorized ports-of-entry for the above mentioned products. Ports as listed in Resolutions No. 3/2010 are as follows:

Textile and Apparel (HS chapters 50-63 --excluding HS 5201.00.20 and HS 5201.00.90)
Buenos Aires, Ezeiza, Paso de los Libres, Córdoba, Rosario, Campana, Mar del Plata, Puerto Iguazú, Bahía Blanca, Santa Fe, Puerto Madryn, Puerto Deseado, Comodoro Rivadavia, Santo Tomé, Mendoza, San Juan, Salta, La Plata.

Footwear (HS chapter 64)
Buenos Aires, Ezeiza, Paso de los Libres, Córdoba, Rosario, Campana, Mar del Plata, Santo Tomé, Salta, La Plata.

Travel Goods (HS 4202)
Buenos Aires, Ezeiza, Paso de los Libres, Córdoba, Rosario, Campana, Mar del Plata, Mendoza, San Juan, Santo Tomé, Salta, La Plata.

Administrative Mechanisms--Customs External Note 87/2008 of October 2008 establishes administrative mechanisms that could restrict the entry of products deemed sensitive, such as textiles, apparel, footwear, toys, electronic products, and leather goods, among others. The stated purpose of the measure is to prevent under-invoicing. While restrictions are not country-specific, they are to be applied more stringently to goods from countries considered "high risk" for under invoicing, and to products considered at risk for under invoicing, as well as trademark fraud.

Certificate of Origin--A certificate of origin is mandatory for the importation of fabrics, garments, made up goods and footwear for domestic consumption. The certificate of origin must be issued in the country of origin by the competent government authority or by the entity to which this function has been delegated. Certificates of origin must be legalized by the Argentine consulate in the country of origin and are valid for six months.

Import Licenses---In September 2012, Argentina eliminated the automatic licensing requirement LAPI (Licencia Automatica de Importacion) and in In early 2013, the following non-automatic licenses for textile, apparel and footwear imports were repealed:
• Textile Product Import Certificate (CIPT)
• Yarns and Fabric Import Certificate (CIHT)
• Footwear Import Certificate (CIC)
• Footwear Parts Import Certificate (CIPC)

Also repealed was the non-automatic import license for auto parts and related products, CIAPA (Certificado de Importación de Autopartes y Afines applied to certain textile fabrics impregnated, coated, covered or laminated (classified under HS 5903.10.00, 5903.20.00 and 5903.90.00).

A sworn Statement of Product Composition (Declaracion Jurada de Composicion - DJCP) is required for most imports of apparel, made up textile products, floor covering and footwear. Importers of these products must submit the DJCP to the Imports Directorate of the Undersecretariat for Foreign Trade and International Relations, in the Foreign Trade Secretariat before the goods are cleared. In addition, the goods must bear a label indicating the materials, the components and the origin.

For more information on Argentina’s licensing requirements, see the Foreign Trade Secretariat, Dirección Nacional de Gestión Comercial Externa: Dirección de Importaciones: Licencias de Importación webpage.

For more information on local customs rules and regulations:
Dirección Nacional de Impuestos, Ministerio de Economía
National Tax Bureau, Ministry of Economy

Administración Federal de Ingresos Públicos - AFIP
(Federal Administration of Public Revenue)

General Customs Bureau (Dirección General de Aduanas - DGA)

For information on common export documents, such as transportation documents, export compliance documents, certificates of origin, certificates for shipments of specific goods, temporary shipment documents, and other export-related documents, see the Export.gov webpage on Common Export Documents.

For more information on import procedures and documentation requirements, see the Country Commercial Guides (CCG) in the U.S. Commercial Service Market Research Library (enter your country of interest in the "country" field, and enter "Country Commercial Guide (CCG)" in the "Report Type" field. Some market research reports are available only to U.S. companies and U.S. students/researchers that are registered with Export.gov.

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Import Restrictions (Argentina)
Used clothing and accessories (MERCOSUR tariff codes 6309.00.10, 6309.00.90) are prohibited, except for donations to government or religious organizations.

U.S. Export Restrictions:

The Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) in the U.S. Department of the Treasury administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions against targeted foreign countries, terrorists, and international narcotics traffickers and their agents in accordance with U.S. foreign policy and national security goals. The OFAC website includes summaries of sanctions programs for various countries and the “Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons” (SDNs) list of entities and individuals with whom U.S. persons may not conduct business and whose property must be blocked if under the control of a U.S. person.

The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) in the U.S. Department of Commerce is responsible for implementing and enforcing the Export Administration Regulations (EAR), which regulate the export and re-export of most commercial items. BIS maintains the Denied Persons List, which consists of individuals, and companies that have been denied export and re-export privileges by BIS, and the Entity List, which consists of foreign end users who pose an unacceptable risk of diverting U.S. exports and the technology they contain to alternate destinations for the development of weapons of mass destruction

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Standards - Argentina
In Argentina, most standards are voluntary. Products conforming to U.S. standards may or may not be acceptable. Reflecting long-standing tradition and practice, products that meet European requirements are often preferred.

A sworn declaration (conformity certificate) is required for imported products subject to specific technical regulations.

Local standards organization and other resources:
Instituto Argentino de Normalizacion - IRAM
Argentine Standardization Institute

Organismo Argentino de Acreditación - OAA
Argentine Accreditation Organization

Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Industrial - INIT
National Institute of Industrial Technology

AMN, Asociacion MERCOSUR de Normalizacion - AMN
MERCOSUR Standards Association

Administracion Nacional de Medicamentos, Alimentos y Tecnologia Medica - ANMAT
National Administration of Pharmaceuticals, Foods and Medical Technology

The National Center for Standards and Certification Information (NCSCI) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in the U.S. Department of Commerce provides information on U.S. and foreign standards, technical regulations, and conformity assessment procedures for non-agricultural products. NCSCI staff responds to requests for information by identifying relevant standards and regulations, and by referral to the appropriate standards-developers or private-sector organizations. Under copyright restrictions, NCSCI cannot provide copies of standards, but NCSCI does provide sources for accessing standards.

U.S. companies can register for the Notify U.S. service to learn about and comment on proposed changes to foreign standards, technical regulations, and conformity assessment procedures that may affect U.S. access to global markets.

Additional resources:

Examples of voluntary formaldehyde labeling programs

American Apparel and Footwear Association's Restricted Substances List

American National Standards Institute (ANSI)

International Organization for Standardization (ISO)


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Labeling - Argentina
The Southern Cone Common Market (MERCOSUR) countries, which include Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay, have adopted new labeling requirements for textile and apparel products produced in or imported for consumption into a MERCOSUR member country.

In general, most textile and apparel products require the following information on a permanent label that is either attached, stamped, printed or otherwise affixed to the product: (1) name or registered brand and tax identification of the domestic producer or importer; (2) country of origin; (3) fiber content; (4) care instructions; and (5) size or dimensions, as applicable. This information must be in the language of the country of consumption, but may also be in other languages.

Certain textile and apparel articles sold in packages are allowed to bear the required information on or inside their packaging instead of on the article itself if that information can be seen from the outside. If the package contains more than one item, the number of units and the fact that those items cannot be sold separately must be clearly stated.

For curtains, bed linen and kitchen, table and bath textile articles sold in packages, the required information must be included on or inside their packaging if that information is visible from the outside. In such instances, the product's dimensions need not be included on the product itself.

ARG222(spanish).pdf
-------

The country of origin can be in a foreign language as long as it is easily understandable. Imported products that undergo a final process of assembly, finishing, etc. in Argentina, which does not modify the nature of the product will be considered of foreign origin. It is optional to put a statement indicating such a process. Imported products manufactured with elements of different countries will be considered as originating from the country in which it acquired its nature. If products have been manufactured with foreign raw material, or any other element that does not modify the nature of the product, it will still be considered an Argentine product. Indication of the foreign origin of the component(s) of the final product is allowed. However, it has to be less visible than the original label.

Care labels should be printed or attached in a way that prevents it from falling off or being altered after cleaning procedures are carried out. This label should indicate whether the recommended cleaning process should be normal or mechanical, by washing-machine or dry-cleaning. It also should specify the recommended washing and ironing temperatures and whether it is possible to wring the material and expose it to sun. If symbols are used, the instructions must also be present in Spanish.

The label must be sewn in and if the item is a set the label must be sewn into both pieces. When labeling fabrics or yarns it is acceptable to attach the label to the spool or bobbin. The labeling should be done before the goods are shipped. In general, if any marking appears on the article itself, the country of origin must also appear in a visible place. If the article is too small for other marks to appear on it, it is sufficient to indicate the country of origin in a visible place on the container, wrapper or principal label. If, however, the principal label is too small to bear an indication of the country of origin, the required indication may be shown on a supplementary label attached to the container on the same side as the principal label.

The metric system is used in Argentina. Sizes are identified both as small, medium, large and extra-large, and by European size numbers. They should also be stated on the label.

To avoid penalties, the exporter should request specific instructions from the importer regarding how these products should be marked.

For more information regarding labeling, contact:

DIRECCION DE LEALTAD COMERCIAL Secretaria de Coordinación Técnica
Ministerio de Economía y Producción

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Intellectual Property Rights - Argentina
The Sistema de Asientos de Alerta provides for the suspension of the import/export process for three days, if goods are found to bear the trademark of a holder listed in the system. If an inspection of the goods indicates that there is or could be trademark fraud, appropriate legal and administrative measures are taken. In the future, the Sistema de Asientos de Alerta is intended to cover holders of copyright or related rights as well.

Instituto Nacional de Propiedad Industrial Asistencia - INPI
National Industrial Property Institute

Directorate General of Copyright

For information on protecting your trademarks, patents and copyrights:

Export.gov --Protecting Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Abroad

StopFakes.gov


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Market Information - Argentina


Government Procurement-- See Global Procurement Opportunities for U.S. exporters.

Most provincial governments have their own websites with procurement information. The National Contracting Office (Oficina Nacional de Contrataciones - ONC) (argentinacompra) supervises procurement for the National Public Administration. The Union Argentina de Proveedores del Estado - UAPE has a database of government procurements. The U.S. Commercial Service in Buenos Aires publishes information about many procurement opportunities and can sometimes assist U.S. companies in obtaining bidding documents.

U.S. companies may contact the U.S. Commercial Service for information and personalized counseling at every step of the exporting process. Find a U.S. Export Assistance Centers near you or contact an international office.

Other sources for market information and data:

OTEXA Export Market Report (U.S. export data for textiles, apparel, footwear and travel goods)

Export.gov Trade Data & Analysis webpage

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Foreign Agricultural Service

U.S. Department of State - U.S. Embassies, Consulates, and Diplomatic Missions and
U.S. Department of State Country Background Notes

U.S. Office of the Trade Representative

Local Industry and Trade Associations

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Office of Textiles and Apparel (OTEXA)
U.S. Department of Commerce
Washington, DC 20230
Phone: (202) 482-5078  |  Fax: (202) 482-2331
OTEXA@trade.gov