Textiles, Apparel, Footwear and Travel Goods
Last updated on 08/02/2017
If you have any questions about the following information, please contact Linda Martinich at the U.S. Department of Commerce- Office of Textiles and Apparel at 202-482-4058 or click here for e-mail access.
**The following information is provided only as a guide and should be confirmed with the proper authorities before embarking on any export activities.**
Import Tariffs - Australia
|Australian import tariffs are assessed on an ad valorem basis, i.e., as a percentage of the FOB (free on board) value of the imported merchandise. On January 1, 2005, Australia and the United States entered into the U.S.-Australia Free Trade Agreement (USAFTA), which provides for the removal of import tariffs on goods traded between the two countries. Under this agreement, U.S. textile and apparel exports that meet the required rules of origin receive preferential tariff rates in Australia, and vice versa. For more information, see the U.S.-Australia Free Trade Agreement in the FTA section.|
The following table provides a summary of Australia's non-preferential tariffs.
Australia: Tariffs (percent ad valorem) on Textiles, Apparel, Footwear and Travel Goods
Tariff Rates (%)
0 - 5
|-other vegetable fiber|
0 - 5
0 - 5
0 - 5
|-other vegetable fiber|
|Non Woven Fabric|
0 - 5
0 - 5
|Home Furnishings |
including: bed, bath,
kitchen linens, etc.
0 - 5
0 - 5
0 - 5
0 - 5
The complete harmonized tariff schedule and more detailed information can be found on the Australian Customs Service Website (hold cursor over “Businesses” at the top > click on “Tariff Classification of Goods” > click on “Working Tariff”). See Schedule 3 - Classification of goods and general and special rates of duty - for non-preferential tariff rates, as shown in the table above. See also the Current Situation of Schedules of Members for non-preferential rates.
Schedule 5 shows the preferential tariff rates applied to US-origin goods under the USAFTA. Note that Australian tariffs on textile, apparel, footwear and travel goods, exported from the U.S. under the USAFTA have been phased to Free. Also see the FTA Tariff Tool for tariffs on U.S.-origin products exported to FTA member countries, and vice versa.
Taxes and Other Import Fees--The Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a 10-percent broad-based tax on the sale or provision of most goods and services in Australia, including imports. The GST is applied on the f.o.b. value plus duty. Further information on GST can be found on the Australian Tax Office Website.
Samples/Temporary Entry--Goods may be brought into Australia on a temporary basis without the payment of duty or taxes for a period of up to twelve months. Australia accepts two types of carnets, ATA Carnets and CPD carnets (more commonly known as FIA/AIT carnets).
ATA Carnet--An ATA Carnet or "Merchandise Passport" is a document that facilitates the temporary importation of products into foreign countries by eliminating tariffs and other import taxes or charges normally required at the time of importation. For more information or to apply for an ATA Carnet, see the United States Council for International Business website.
|If your product is primarily made in the U.S. of U.S. originating components it may qualify for duty-free entry into countries with which the U.S. has a free trade agreement (FTA). The U.S. currently has FTAs with the following countries: Australia, Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Jordan, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Panama, Peru, Singapore and South Korea. See the FTA Tariff Tool, to determine the duty-free status or reduced duties that apply to products eligible under these free trade agreements.|
Additional resources for tariff information:
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Import Documentation/Procedures (Australia)
Import Restrictions (Australia)
|No information is currently available on any bans, quotas, or other restrictions.|
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|U.S. Export Restrictions:|
The Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) in the U.S. Department of the Treasury administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions against targeted foreign countries, terrorists, and international narcotics traffickers and their agents in accordance with U.S. foreign policy and national security goals. The OFAC website includes summaries of sanctions programs for various countries and the “Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons” (SDNs) list of entities and individuals with whom U.S. persons may not conduct business and whose property must be blocked if under the control of a U.S. person.
The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) in the U.S. Department of Commerce is responsible for implementing and enforcing the Export Administration Regulations (EAR), which regulate the export and re-export of most commercial items. BIS maintains the Denied Persons List, which consists of individuals, and companies that have been denied export and re-export privileges by BIS, and the Entity List, which consists of foreign end users who pose an unacceptable risk of diverting U.S. exports and the technology they contain to alternate destinations for the development of weapons of mass destruction
Standards - Australia
Australia has two types of standard: voluntary and regulatory (or mandatory). Mandatory standards include safety standards (e.g., children's nightwear) and information standards (e.g., labeling). The Australian Competition & Consumer Commission - ACCC website contains information on mandatory standards, bans and recalls. The majority of voluntary standards are developed and published by Standards Australia.
Nightwear for children--The Consumer Goods (Children’s Nightwear and Limited Daywear and Paper Patterns for Children’s Nightwear) Safety Standard 2017 is mandatory and applies to nightwear for children sizes 00–14. The regulation, which is based on Australian/New Zealand Standard AS/NZS 1249:2014 - Children’s nightwear and limited daywear having reduced fire hazard, prescribes requirements for safety testing and labelling of children's nightwear and paper patterns for making children's nightwear. For more information, see Product Safety Australia's webpage on Nightwear for Children.
Note: Until December 31, 2019, suppliers have the option to comply with the requirements from either the Consumer Goods (Children’s Nightwear and limited daywear and Paper Patterns for Children’s Nightwear) Safety Standard 2017 or the Trade Practices (Consumer Product Safety Standards (Children’s Nightwear and Paper Patterns for Children’s Nightwear) Regulations 2007. Beginning January 1, 2020, suppliers must comply with the requirements in Consumer Goods (Children’s Nightwear and limited daywear and Paper Patterns for Children’s Nightwear) Safety Standard 2017.
Drawstrings on children’s clothing--The ACCC has issued a voluntary guideline for drawstrings requirements on children’s clothing. The guideline is based on the European standard EN 146822 and the voluntary US standard ASTM F18163.
Children's product safety--See the Australian National Retail Association's Children’s Apparel & Accessories – Product Safety Guidelines for information on safety hazards associated with children’s apparel and accessories designed, marketed and intended for children up to and including 14 years of age.
Formaldehyde in textile and apparel products--The ACCC has issued non-regulatory reference limits for textile and garment products sold in Australia.
Some relevant standards for textile and apparel products include the following:
All medical devices and health-related products must receive approval from the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) prior to use.
- Protective clothing:
- AS/NZS 4502 - Method for evaluating clothing for protection against heat and fire
- AN/NZS 4501 - Occupational protective clothing
- AS/NZS 4503 - Protective clothing - Protection against liquid chemicals
- AS/NZS 4543.3 - Protective clothing and protective devices for gonads
- AS/NZS 4453 - Protective clothing for users of hand-held chainsaws
- AS/NZS 4399:1996 and 1996A1 - Sun protective clothing - Evaluation and classification
- Home furnishings:
- AS 2663 - Textiles - Curtain fabrics for domestic use
- AS 2663.1 - Textiles - Woven and knitted fabrics for window furnishings
- AS 2687 - Textiles - Upholstery fabrics for domestic and commercial use
See Australia’s current textile-related, mandatory standards on the Product Safety Australia website. Also see:
Also see, ACCC publishes criteria for accepting international standards.
Local standards organization and other resources:
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Labeling - Australia
In Australia, the Commerce (Trade Descriptions) Regulation 2016 sets out the labeling requirements for imported goods. See the Australian Department of Immigration and Border Protection website for details of Australia’s labeling requirements for imported products, such as textile products, apparel and footwear. Also see the Australian Department of Immigration and Border Protection's Labelling for Textile Goods and Apparel guide.
Footwear: Additional rules that apply to footwear can be found in section 20 of Commerce (Trade Descriptions) Regulation 2016. Also see the Australian Department of Immigration and Border Protection guide on Labelling for Shoes.
Flammability labels: The Consumer Goods (Children’s Nightwear and limited daywear and Paper Patterns for Children’s Nightwear) Safety Standard 2017 sets out the mandatory requirements for certain children’s garments sized 00–14. The mandatory standard is based on AS/NZS 1249- 2014/Amdt 1:2014 - Children's nightwear and limited daywear having reduced fire hazard. (Note that work is underway to update AS/NZS 1249, see DR AS/NZS 1249:2014 Amd 2:2017.)
AS/NZS 1249 specifies four categories for labeling children's nightclothes, depending on the degree of fire protection the garment provides. Categories 1–3 require a low fire hazard label and category 4 requires a high fire hazard warning label. The fire hazard information label must be permanent and conspicuous. Garments found to be too flammable and that do not meet any of the four categories’ criteria cannot be sold in Australia. Garments must be tested to standard AS 2755.2-1985 (R2013) Textile fabrics - Burning behaviour measurement of flame spread properties of vertically oriented specimens.
Until December 31, 2019, suppliers have the option to comply with the requirements from either the Consumer Goods (Children’s Nightwear and limited daywear and Paper Patterns for Children’s Nightwear) Safety Standard 2017 or the Trade Practices (Consumer Product Safety Standards (Children’s Nightwear and Paper Patterns for Children’s Nightwear) Regulations 2007. From January 1, 2020 suppliers must only comply with the requirements in Consumer Goods (Children’s Nightwear and limited daywear and Paper Patterns for Children’s Nightwear) Safety Standard 2017.
See the Product Safety Australia nightwear for Children webpage for more information.
Wool Products: Wool products may also be subject to special marking requirements.
Sun Protection Labeling: Voluntary standard is currently being updated, see draft standard update, DR AS/NZS 4399:2017 CP - Sun protective clothing - Evaluation and classification.
For information and assistance regarding labeling, contact:
Information on labels must be written in English. See standard AS/NZS 2392:1999 - Textiles - Labelling of clothing, household textiles and furnishings, which specifies positions of attachment for permanent labels carrying the brand name, size or dimensions, care instructions, fiber content, country of origin and, for children's nightwear and some daywear garments, the fire hazard classification.
Fiber Content: Currently, there is no national mandatory information standard in place for fiber content labeling in Australia. Most of the standards in operation in various States prior to 2010 lapsed with the introduction of the Australian Consumer Law (ACL) in January 2011. Reportedly, a national mandatory information standard for fiber content labeling may be considered in the future as part of the harmonization of information standards across Australia. In the interim it is recommended to show percentage of each fiber and list them in descending order (highest to lowest).
New South Wales still requires fiber content labelling of textile products, including the various percentages of different fibers, such wool or cotton. Further information on the NSW regulations can be found at the NSW Office of Fair Trading website.
The standard, AS/NZS 2622:1996 - Textile products - Fibre content labelling, specifies methods of labeling textile products with fiber content information. The standard AS/NZS 2622:1996 (based on ISO 6939:1988) is to be used in conjunction with Australia's textile labeling legislation, Regulation 2016. See also AS/NZS 2450:1994 - Textiles - Natural and man-made fibres - Generic names, which specifies lists and defines natural and man-made fibers (based on ISO 2076:1989).
Care Labeling: Consumer Protection Notice No. 25 of 2010 sets out the mandatory requirements that textile products (i.e., clothing, textiles, furnishing and suede skins, leathers and furs) have adequate care labeling instructions in English on a permanent label. This mandatory standard is based on certain sections of the standard AS/NZS 1957:1998 Textiles - Care labelling, which sets out words, phrases and symbols to be used for giving care instructions and specifies methods by which goods may be labelled. AS/NZS 2621:1998 - Textiles - Guide to the selection of correct care labelling instructions from AS/NZS 1957 provides guidance in the selection of appropriate care labeling instructions and specifies basic performance requirements and test methods.
Care symbols alone do not meet the requirement; however, care symbols or instructions in other languages may be provided. For more details, see the Care Labelling for Clothing & Textiles page on the Product Safety Australia website. Also see the Care Labelling for Clothing and Textiles Products: Supplier Guide. Also, for further reference, see the Intertek brochure on care labeling (Intertek is a private quality assurance provider).
Country of Origin: Country of Origin requirements vary depending on whether the product is made wholly or partially in Australia or is imported. For more information, see the Competition and Consumer Act 2010) [refer Volume 3, Schedule 2, Chapter 5, Part 5-3 Country of origin representations].
Also see the following guides on the ACCC website.
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Market Information - Australia
|U.S. companies may contact the U.S. Commercial Service for information and personalized counseling at every step of the exporting process. Find a U.S. Export Assistance Centers near you. |
For information on protecting trademarks, designs, patents and copyrights, see the STOPFAKES.GOV website. STOPFAKES.GOV is dedicated to helping U.S. companies protect their innovations and safely market their products at home and overseas. Find guidance and resources on how to register your company's intellectual property and protect it from counterfeiting and piracy. Also find IPR toolkits for select countries, as well as other country-specific information.
For information on selling to foreign governments, see the Global Procurement Opportunities website.
Other sources for market information and data:
OTEXA Export Market Report (U.S. export data for textiles, apparel, footwear and travel goods)
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Foreign Agricultural Service
U.S. Department of State - U.S. Embassies, Consulates, and Diplomatic Missions
U.S. Office of the Trade Representative
Local Industry and Trade Associations
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