Market Reports/Tariffs
Textiles, Apparel, Footwear and Travel Goods

China

Import Tariffs
Documentation/Procedures
Restrictions
Standards
Labeling
Market Information

Last updated on 07/28/2017

If you have any questions about the following information, please contact Linda Martinich at the U.S. Department of Commerce- Office of Textiles and Apparel at 202-482-4058 or click here for e-mail access.

**The following information is provided only as a guide and should be confirmed with the proper authorities before embarking on any export activities.**


Import Tariffs - China
Tariffs on imports into China are assessed on the c.i.f. (cost, insurance, freight value) of the imported goods. As a member of the WTO, imports from the United States are assessed at the most-favored-nation rate.

China: tariffs (percent ad valorem) on Textiles, Apparel, Footwear and Travel Goods
HS Chapter/Subheading
Tariff Rate Range (%)
Yarn
-silk
5003-5006
6 - 9
-wool
5105-5110
5 - 6 *
-cotton
5204-5207
5 - 6
-other vegetable fiber
5306-5308
6 - 10
-man-made fiber
5401-5406/5501-5511
5
........................
Woven Fabric
-silk
5007
10
-wool
5111-5113
10
-cotton
5208-5212
10 - 14
-other vegetable fiber
5309-5311
10 - 12
-man-made fiber
5407-5408/5512-5516
10 - 18
........................
Knit Fabric
60
10 - 12
........................
Non Woven Fabric
5603
10
........................
Industrial Fabric
59
8 - 14
........................
Apparel
61-62
14 - 25
........................
Home Furnishings
including: bed, bath, kitchen linens, etc.
63
14 - 17.5
........................
Carpet

Footwear

Travel Goods
57

64

4202
10 - 16

10 - 24

10 - 20
* Tariff on carded or combed wool fiber is 38%.

For more detailed tariff information, see CUSTOMS Info, which offers free access to Global Tariff information for users of Export.Gov. Also, see the WTO Current Situation of Schedules of Members on the World Trade Organization website.

Tariff Rate Quota (TRQs)--China maintains TRQs for imports of raw cotton and wool fiber, and certain other Ag products. Under the TRQ system, China places quantitative restrictions on the amount of these commodities that can enter at a low “in quota” tariff rate. Any imports over that quantity are charged a prohibitively high duty.

Additional Import Taxes and Fees--Most imported and domestic goods are subject to a VAT, which is applied on the c.i.f. plus duty value. China’s VAT ranges between 13 percent and 17 percent, depending on the product. Also, a consumption tax of 2 – 3 percent (varies according to provincial) is applied on the c.i.f. value.

VAT Rebate Program--China retains an active VAT rebate program for exports. On December 31, 2014, the MOF and SAT jointly issued a notice (Cai Shui [2014] No. 150) regarding adjustments to the VAT export tax rebates. The attachment to the notice lists a tax rebate rate of 17% for most textile and apparel products.

Samples/Temporary Entry--Tariff exemptions apply to samples of no commercial value. Goods imported into China for display or demonstration at trade shows and exhibitions are exempt from Customs duty, provided they are re-exported. The exhibition organizer must obtain advance approval from Customs, provide certain shipping documents and a list of items to be exhibited, and coordinate with Customs officials. Customs may sometimes request a guarantee in the form of a deposit or letter. Business firms seeking to bring in exhibits and items for display should consult with customs authorities or the show organizers for regulation on the procedures and to obtain copies of appropriate forms.

China is a member of the ATA Carnet system.

ATA Carnet--An ATA Carnet or "Merchandise Passport" is a document that facilitates the temporary importation of products into foreign countries by eliminating tariffs and other import taxes or charges normally required at the time of importation. For more information or to apply for an ATA Carnet, see the United States Council for International Business website.

If your product is primarily made in the U.S. of U.S. originating components it may qualify for duty-free entry into countries with which the U.S. has a free trade agreement (FTA). The U.S. currently has FTAs with the following countries: Australia, Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Jordan, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Panama, Peru, Singapore and South Korea. See the FTA Tariff Tool, to determine the duty-free status or reduced duties that apply to products eligible under these free trade agreements.

Additional resources for tariff information:

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Import Documentation/Procedures (China)


Details of commodities subject to import licensing are published annually by the Ministry of Commerce - MOFCOM in the Catalogue of Goods Subject to Import Licence Administration and the Catalogue of Goods Subject to Automatic Import Licensing Administration.

China restricts or prohibits the importation of certain commodities related to the processing trade. The "Catalogue of Commodities Which are Restricted or Prohibited from Importing for Use in the Processing Trade” identifies use garments among other non-textile products as "prohibited commodities”. The catalogue also lists seven general types of "restricted commodities", which include raw materials for chemical fibers, cotton, cotton yarn, and cotton cloth. This list has been updated yearly between 1999 and 2010 with addendums. U.S. firms should contact the China General Administration of Customs for guidance regarding the exportation of any of these products to China.

For additional information on import restrictions, see China's Laws, Standards, and Customs Regulations on the Export.gov website.

For more information on local customs rules and regulations:
China General Administration of Customs

For information on common export documents, such as transportation documents, export compliance documents, certificates of origin, certificates for shipments of specific goods, temporary shipment documents, and other export-related documents, see the Export.gov webpage on Common Export Documents.

For country-specific information on import procedures and documentation requirements, see the
Country Commercial Guides (CCG) on the export.gov website.

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Import Restrictions (China)
No information is currently available on any bans, quotas, or other restrictions.
U.S. Export Restrictions:

The Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) in the U.S. Department of the Treasury administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions against targeted foreign countries, terrorists, and international narcotics traffickers and their agents in accordance with U.S. foreign policy and national security goals. The OFAC website includes summaries of sanctions programs for various countries and the “Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons” (SDNs) list of entities and individuals with whom U.S. persons may not conduct business and whose property must be blocked if under the control of a U.S. person.

The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) in the U.S. Department of Commerce is responsible for implementing and enforcing the Export Administration Regulations (EAR), which regulate the export and re-export of most commercial items. BIS maintains the Denied Persons List, which consists of individuals, and companies that have been denied export and re-export privileges by BIS, and the Entity List, which consists of foreign end users who pose an unacceptable risk of diverting U.S. exports and the technology they contain to alternate destinations for the development of weapons of mass destruction
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Standards - China

Textile, apparel and footwear products put up for sale in China are subject to certain quality and safety requirements or standards. Standards in China are categorized as follows:
  • National standards - classified into mandatory standards (GB) and recommended standards (GB/T)
  • Industry (or Enterprise) standards - recommended industry standards (Q + *) apply when no national GB standard exists
  • Local standards - classified into mandatory standards (DB + *) enforced in administrative regions and recommended standards (DB + */T)
  • Corporate (or Professional) standards – recommended, "FZ” is used for textile sector standards; “QB” for light industry, which includes footwear, leather, fur and feather products; and "HG" for chemical industry.
There are hundreds of specific standards for different types of apparel and footwear. The standards cover production requirements, including inspection, workmanship production guidelines and testing requirements for product performance. There are also quality grades for each product standard: qualified grade (pass); first grade (class 1); and high-class grade (high).

The product standard implies the quality guarantee claimed on the product label. Products should at least meet the lowest quality grade for the standard, and the quality grade should be declared with the product standard on the product hangtag.

Textile and apparel products

Textile and apparel products must comply with GB 18401 - National General Safety Technical Code for Textile Products, which includes apparel, accessories and home textiles. GB 18401 contains the principal requirements, test methods, and test rules according to product classification (i.e., baby clothing and products, textiles that have direct contact with skin, and textiles that do not have direct contact with skin). Mandatory tests under GB 18401 include:
  • formaldehyde content
  • pH value
  • color fastness to water, perspiration (acid & alkaline), rubbing
  • color fastness to saliva for baby products
  • determination of odor
  • azo dyes
Children's textile products must meet the following standards:
  • GB 18401 - National General Safety Technical Code for Textile Products
  • GB 31701 - Safety Technical Code for Infants and Children Textile Products
      GB 31701 is applicable to textile products for infants (<36 months) and children (3-14 years of age)
Some other mandatory standards that apply to textile/apparel/footwear products follow:
  • GB 5296.4: Labeling of "instructions for use" for textile & apparel products
  • GB 8965.1: Flame-retardant protective clothing requirements
  • GB 18383: General technical requirements for products with filling materials
  • GB 20400: Restriction on hazardous substances in leather and fur
  • GB 21550: Restriction on hazardous substances in artificial leather of polyvinyl chloride-PVC (e.g., formaldehyde and azo dyes)
  • GB 25038: Health and safety specification for rubber footwear
  • GB 30585: Safety technical specifications for children's footwear
  • GB 25036: Children's canvas and rubber footwear requirements
Examples of some recommended standards covering product specifications, visual inspection requirements and methods, and lab testing requirements and methods include:
  • GB/T 2664: Men's suits and coats
  • GB/T 2665: Women's suits and coats
  • GB/T 2666: Trousers
  • GB/T 2660: Shirts and blouses
  • GB/T 14272: Down garments
  • GB/T 32614 Outdoor Sportswear—Water Resistant Garment
  • GB/T: Brand valuation--Apparel, shoe and hat industry
  • GB/T Foot protection--Safety requirement and test method for footwear
  • GB/T 5296.4: Instructions for Use of Products Consumer Interest-Instructions for Use of Textiles and Apparel (labeling)
  • FZ/T 81004: Skirts and skirted suits
  • FZ/T 81006: Jeanswear
  • FZ/T 81007: Casualwear
  • FZ/T 81008: Jackets
Footwear

The is no general footwear standard. Although there are common physical/performance and chemical tests, footwear standards are specific to a specific types of footwear as follows.
  • GB 20400 -Leather and Fur - Limit of Harmful Substance
  • GB 21146 -Personal Protective Equipment - Occupational footwear
  • GB 21147 -Personal Protective Equipment - Protective footwear
  • GB 21148 -Personal Protective Equipment - Safety footwear
  • GB 21536 -Athletic Shoes
  • GB 25037 -Industrial Rubber Boots
  • GB 25038 -Rubber Shoes Health and Safety Specification
  • GB/T 28011 -Shanks for Footwear
Examples of some recommended footwear standards covering product specifications, visual inspection requirements and methods, and lab testing requirements and methods include:
  • HG/T 2018 -Casual shoes
  • HG/T 4809 -Cross-country rubber shoes
  • QB/T 4329 -Cloth shoes
  • GB/T 22756 -Leather sandals
  • QB/T 1002 -Leather shoes
  • HG/T 2017 -Sport shoes
  • QB/T 4331 - Children's athletic shoes
  • QB/T 2880 -Children's leather shoes
  • GB/T 33313 -Children's rain boots (shoes)
  • QB/T 2673 -Footwear labelling requirements
All Children's footwear must meet GB 30585 -Safety Technical Safety Technical Specifications for Children's Footwear. GB 30585 applies to footwear for children under 14 years of age (shoe size up to 250 mm) in two categories: A) infant shoes and B) children's shoes. The requirements cover physical mechanical safety, odor, and restricted substances. In addition, children's canvas rubber shoes must also meet GB 25036 -Children’s Canvas Rubber Shoes and GB 25038 -Rubber Shoes Health and Safety Specification.

Home textiles

Limit Of Harmful Matter - GB 20400-2006 is a mandatory standard for “home use” leather and fur products. Leather and fur solely for industrial use is excluded from this standard. It focuses on regulating formaldehyde and azo.

Requirements related to down and feather home textiles are included in the following standards:
  • QB/T 1193 -Down & feather quilts
  • QB/T 1194 -Down & feather mattresses
  • QB/T 1195 -Down & feather sleeping bags
  • QB/t 1196 - Down & feather pillows
You can search for various national GB standards on China’s Standardization Administration (SAC) website. However, there is no centralized directory to search for or purchase local standards. Companies should consult with their importer or distributor, or with the relevant Chinese trade association to identify which standards are necessary for a given product, and to obtain copies of these standards.

Many Chinese regulatory agencies also issue technical regulations for products in the Chinese market. Companies can consult with their importer or distributor, with the relevant Chinese trade association, or with their test lab or certification body to identify relevant technical regulations, and to obtain copies of these requirements. U.S. companies also may submit an inquiry to the U.S. WTO TBT Inquiry Point.

Products without a Qualified Certificate and proper PASS test reports in meeting the requirements of mandatory national GB standards and specified professional standards, or with an unsatisfactory test results, may be rejected by China customs authorities. In general, with the exception of certain safety equipment and home furnishing textiles, there are no certification requirements for textile and apparel products imported for sale in China.

The China Compulsory Certification (CCC) mark is China‘s national safety and quality mark. If an exporter‘s product is on the CCC mark list, it cannot enter China until CCC registration has been obtained, and the mark physically applied to individual products as an imprint or label. The CCC mark system is administered by CNCA. Obtaining the CCC Mark involves an application process to authorized Chinese certification bodies. For a complete list of products required to obtain China Compulsory Certification see the CNCA website.

For general information on standards in China see the Export.gov China's Laws, Standards, and Customs Regulations website.

Local standards organization and other resources:


The National Center for Standards and Certification Information (NCSCI) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in the U.S. Department of Commerce provides information on U.S. and foreign standards, technical regulations, and conformity assessment procedures for non-agricultural products. NCSCI staff responds to requests for information by identifying relevant standards and regulations, and by referral to the appropriate standards-developers or private-sector organizations. Under copyright restrictions, NCSCI cannot provide copies of standards, but NCSCI does provide sources for accessing standards.


Notify U.S. - Member countries of the World Trade Organization (WTO) are required under the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT Agreement) to report to the WTO all proposed technical regulations that could affect trade with other Member countries. Notify U.S. is a free, web-based e-mail subscription service that offers U.S. companies an opportunity to review and comment on proposed foreign technical regulations that may affect their access to international markets.

Additional resources:

Examples of voluntary formaldehyde labeling programs

American Apparel and Footwear Association's Restricted Substances List

American National Standards Institute (ANSI)

ASTM International

International Organization for Standardization (ISO)


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Labeling - China

Textile and apparel products put up for sale in China must be labeled, as required by GB 5296.4 “Instruction for Use of Products of Consumer Interest: Part 4 - Textiles and Apparel”. According to GB 5296.4, information as listed below must be provided to the consumer in simplified Chinese.

The following information must be included on a permanent label (i.e., must be legible throughout the product's life).

  • Product type and size designation – (e.g., apparel sizes in accordance with GB/T 1335.1 - 1335.3)
  • Fiber content – in accordance with GB/T 29862 “Textiles-Identification of Fiber Content”
  • Care Instruction/Washing methods - GB/T 8685 "Care Labeling Code for Textiles and Apparel
      Regarding GB/T 8685, which is based on ISO 3758, care labels must consist of symbols and if text description is included it must be in simplified Chinese.
Additional required information includes:
  • Name and address of the manufacturer in China – in the case of imports, the registered name and address in China of the agent or importer or dealer. Also, imports must list the country of origin.
  • Product name - according to the national or industrial standards whenever possible
  • Effective product standards
  • Safety category (i.e., Category A, B or C as specified within GB 18401)
  • Use and storage precautions (optional)
  • Certificate of quality qualification (usually declared on a hangtag)
  • Quality grade
Footwear

QB/T 2673 -Footwear-specification of marking states that footwear must be labeled with the following information:
  • Trademark /brand name
  • Product name
  • Main construction materials
  • Chinese shoe size
  • Place of origin
  • Company name and contact information
  • Three Guarantee policy (Return, Repair & Replacement policy)
  • Executive standard code/implemented product standard number
  • Date of production
  • Color
  • Article/lot number
  • Quality grade
QB/T 2673 specifies what information needs to be provided on the actual product, the hang tag and the carton packaging. Text or or pictograms can be used for describing the uppers, lining, sock and outsole material. Note that QB/T 1002-2015 -Leather shoes was modified in 2016, and the requirement to show the Chinese shoe size was deleted.

Labeling requirements related to down and feather home textiles are included in the following standards:
  • QB/T 1193 -Down & feather quilts
  • QB/T 1194 -Down & feather mattresses
  • QB/T 1195 -Down & feather sleeping bags
  • QB/t 1196 - Down & feather pillows
The agency that mandates the labeling issues is AQSIQ (the State General Administration for Quality Supervision and Inspection and Quarantine).

See further details on China’s labeling requirements in the publication "The Technical Guide for Exporting Goods – North American Textile and Clothing: The third chapter of the North American textile labeling requirements and their similarities and differences" on the Ministry of Commerce website.

Also, for further reference on care labeling, see the Intertek brochure on care labeling (Intertek is a private quality assurance provider).

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Market Information - China


No specific information is available.




U.S. companies may contact the U.S. Commercial Service for information and personalized counseling at every step of the exporting process. Find a U.S. Export Assistance Centers near you.

For information on protecting trademarks, designs, patents and copyrights, see the STOPFAKES.GOV website. STOPFAKES.GOV is dedicated to helping U.S. companies protect their innovations and safely market their products at home and overseas. Find guidance and resources on how to register your company's intellectual property and protect it from counterfeiting and piracy. Also find IPR toolkits for select countries, as well as other country-specific information.

For information on selling to foreign governments, see the Global Procurement Opportunities website.

Other sources for market information and data:

OTEXA Export Market Report (U.S. export data for textiles, apparel, footwear and travel goods)

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Foreign Agricultural Service

U.S. Department of State - U.S. Embassies, Consulates, and Diplomatic Missions

U.S. Office of the Trade Representative

Local Industry and Trade Associations

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