Market Reports/Tariffs
Textiles, Apparel, Footwear and Travel Goods

Ecuador

Import Tariffs
Documentation/Procedures
Restrictions
Standards
Labeling
Intellectual Property Rights
Market Information

Last updated on 07/30/2012

If you have any questions about the following information, please contact Laurie Mease at the U.S. Department of Commerce Office of Textiles and Apparel at 202-482-4058 or click here for e-mail access.

**The following information is provided only as a guide and should be confirmed with the proper authorities before embarking on any export activities.**


Import Tariffs - Ecuador
Ecuador is a member of the Andean Community - CAN along with are Bolivia, Colombia, and Peru. Although CAN has a common external tariff (CET) that applies to imports from third countries, it is a phased tariff structure that reflects the similar orientation of each members' tariff policies. The CET does not appear to be harmonized for textile and apparel products. Import duties are quoted ad valorem on the c.i.f. (cost, insurance and freight) value of shipments. However, a few specific duties based on units of weight or measure remain.

Ecuador Tariffs (percent ad valorem) for Textiles, Apparel, Footwear and Travel Goods
HS Chapter/Subheading
Tariff Rate Range (%)
Yarn
-silk
5003-5006
0 - 20
-wool
5105-5110
0 - 25
-cotton
5204-5207
15 - 25
-other vegetable fiber
5306-5308
0 - 15
-man-made fiber
5401-5406/5501-5511
0 - 25
........................
Woven Fabric
-silk
5007
20
-wool
5111-5113
20
-cotton
5208-5212
20
-other vegetable fiber
5309-5311
20
-man-made fiber
5407-5408/5512-5516
15 - 20
Knit Fabric
60
20
.........................
Non Woven Fabric
5603
0 - 15
Industrial Fabric
59
0 - 20
........................
Apparel
61-62
$5.5/kg + 10%*
Home Furnishings
including: bed, bath, kitchen linens, etc.......
63
$5.5/kg + 10%*
........................
Carpet

Footwear

Travel Goods
57

64

4202
30

$6.0/unit + 10%*

20 - 30
    *Footwear, apparel and textile articles are subject to compound tariffs (i.e., a charge per unit plus a percent of value), effective June 1, 2010.
For more detailed tariff information, see Consejo de Comercio Exterior e Inversiones - COMEXI then click on "Reforma Arancelaria" in left hand column, use Arancel Nacional Integrado. Also see the Current Situation of Schedules of Members on the World Trade Organization website.

Customs valuation--The Ministry of Finance and Public Credit is authorized to establish lists of minimum prices for some imported merchandise. Currently, minimum prices are in place for textile and beer imports. These serve as the basis for pricing in case of suspected dumping.

Additional Import Taxes and Fees--All imports are subject to a 12-percent VAT (value added tax), 0.05 percent modernization fee, 0.25 per thousand for the Exports and Investment Promotion Corporation (CORPEI), and an additional 0.5 percent tax for the Children's Development Fund. Except for the CORPEI contribution, which is based on the FOB value, all other charges are based on the c.i.f. value plus duty. Goods subject to pre-shipment inspection are also subject to an inspection fee of up to 1 percent of the FOB value.

Temporary Goods/Samples--Ecuador allows temporary entry for up to 15 days of items used for demonstration or fairs, and up to 180 days, for duty free zones and special projects. In the case of special projects, the time period may be extended once for up to six months, by presenting an extension request to the Customs District Administrator. During this period, the obligation to pay taxes and duties is suspended, with the condition that the commodities be re-exported. Commodities may also be nationalized, after paying the corresponding taxes and fees.

Although import duties are waived, a bank guarantee or insurance for 100 percent of the import duties should be presented to Customs. This bond will be returned once the merchandise is repatriated. There is a customs control tax, which is paid based on the c.i.f. value of the merchandise.

For information on how to determine tariff rates, see the Export.gov webpage on Tariffs and Import Fees.

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Import Documentation/Procedures (Ecuador)

See the section on Standards below.
For more information on local customs rules and regulations:
Aduana del Ecuador - SENAE

Servicio de Rentas Internas - SRI
Ecuadorian Internal Revenue Service

For information on common export documents, such as transportation documents, export compliance documents, certificates of origin, certificates for shipments of specific goods, temporary shipment documents, and other export-related documents, see the Export.gov webpage on Common Export Documents.

For more information on import procedures and documentation requirements, see the Country Commercial Guides (CCG) in the U.S. Commercial Service Market Research Library (enter your country of interest in the "country" field, and enter "Country Commercial Guide (CCG)" in the "Report Type" field. Some market research reports are available only to U.S. companies and U.S. students/researchers that are registered with Export.gov.

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Import Restrictions (Ecuador)
Ecuador prohibits the importation of worn/used clothing and shoes.

U.S. Export Restrictions:

The Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) in the U.S. Department of the Treasury administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions against targeted foreign countries, terrorists, and international narcotics traffickers and their agents in accordance with U.S. foreign policy and national security goals. The OFAC website includes summaries of sanctions programs for various countries and the “Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons” (SDNs) list of entities and individuals with whom U.S. persons may not conduct business and whose property must be blocked if under the control of a U.S. person.

The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) in the U.S. Department of Commerce is responsible for implementing and enforcing the Export Administration Regulations (EAR), which regulate the export and re-export of most commercial items. BIS maintains the Denied Persons List, which consists of individuals, and companies that have been denied export and re-export privileges by BIS, and the Entity List, which consists of foreign end users who pose an unacceptable risk of diverting U.S. exports and the technology they contain to alternate destinations for the development of weapons of mass destruction

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Standards - Ecuador
National standards are set by the Ecuadorian National Standards Institute - INEN and generally follow international practice. The Ecuadorian Quality Council - CONCAL is responsible for defining what products are subject to obligatory standards compliance. INEN is in charge of informing the public of new and revised technical regulations and standards. These regulations are published in Ecuador’s Official Gazette. The Ecuadorian Accreditation Organization (OAE) certifies and approves certificates of compliance.

Certificate of conformity--Imports of certain textile and apparel products be accompanied by a certificate indicating conformity to Ecuadorian standards, standards of the International Standards Organization, or other accepted international standards and technical regulations. The certificate, which is required to obtain an import permit, must be issued by an institution in the country of origin that has been approved by the INEN, the ISO, or other recognized authority. Imports that do not have a required certificate of conformity and for which a form INEN-1 has not been obtained will be subject to INEN analysis at the importer's expense before being cleared through customs. Exporters may contact INEN or their importers for information on specific products.

As of December 1, 2008, Ecuador converted earlier standards for the labeling of certain textile, apparel, and footwear products into mandatory rules applied to both importers and domestic manufacturers. These standards were included in Ecuadorian Technical Regulation RTE INEN 013:2006. Resolution No. 002-2008 of CONCAL (National Quality Council) issued December 1, 2008 requires importers of products subject to mandatory INEN technical standards to obtain a Certificate of Conformity from INEN in order to import as of January 1, 2009. Various products requiring certain labeling information must comply with the above Resolution. Resolution No. 001-2008 specifically identifies apparel and textile home furnishing products in HS chapters 61-63 as subject to mandatory standards.

Standards certification is required for all shipments of merchandise listed in Interministerial Agreement No. 02428 that are valued at $5,000 or higher. Importers may apply for a certificate of compliance by submitting to INEN a certificate of conformity with an NTE INEN standard, an ISO international technical standard or a foreign standard “of repute” (Decree No. 3497, Article 44). The certificate of compliance (Form INEN-1) is valid for one year and covers all shipments of the referenced product during that time.

Any shipments made after January 23, 2009 that contain goods not in compliance with the newly implemented import restrictions and/or not in compliance with the labeling rules may be detained by Ecuadorian Customs.

Some standards related to textiles, apparel, and footwear:
  • NTE INEN 255 Quality control. Sampling procedures and attribute inspection tables.
  • NTE INEN 257 Clothing size designations. Outer clothing for women and girls.
  • NTE INEN 877 Personal protection items. Rubber boots. Requirements
  • NTE INEN 1 873 Clothing size designations. Outer clothing for men and boys.
  • NTE INEN 1874 Clothing size designations. Baby clothes.
  • NTE INEN 1875 Textiles. Items of apparel. Labels. Requirements
  • NTE INEN 1915 Footwear. Sampling
  • NTE INEN 1920 Leather footwear for general use. Requirements
  • NTE INEN 1921 Footwear for general use. Requirements
  • NTE INEN 1926 Work and safety footwear. Requirements
  • NTE INEN 1950 Footwear sizes. Labelling. Requirements
  • NTE INEN 1951 Footwear sizes. Basic characteristics

Sanitary Registration Certificate--Importation of medical disposable products is subject to authorization from the Ministry of Health and requires a Sanitary Registration Certificate. The National Hygiene Institute, the official laboratory of the Ministry of Health, is responsible for granting and regulating registrations and approvals for the sector. Obtaining the certificate can be a cumbersome process that can take anywhere from six months to one year. Before the products can be registered, the agent/distributor or importer must request a permit from the Ministry of Health to import them.

Local standards organization and other resources:
Instituto Ecuatoriano de Normalizacion - INEN
(Ecuadorian National Standards Institute)

The National Center for Standards and Certification Information (NCSCI) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in the U.S. Department of Commerce provides information on U.S. and foreign standards, technical regulations, and conformity assessment procedures for non-agricultural products. NCSCI staff responds to requests for information by identifying relevant standards and regulations, and by referral to the appropriate standards-developers or private-sector organizations. Under copyright restrictions, NCSCI cannot provide copies of standards, but NCSCI does provide sources for accessing standards.

U.S. companies can register for the Notify U.S. service to learn about and comment on proposed changes to foreign standards, technical regulations, and conformity assessment procedures that may affect U.S. access to global markets.

Additional resources:

Examples of voluntary formaldehyde labeling programs

American Apparel and Footwear Association's Restricted Substances List

American National Standards Institute (ANSI)

International Organization for Standardization (ISO)


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Labeling - Ecuador
Labels are required on clothing (including leather and fur), footwear and related accessories (such as belts, bags and headgear), and made-up textile products (including household linens such as sheets, blankets, bedspreads, tablecloths, towels, curtains and similar).

In Ecuador, labels are classified as technical, brand, hanging, and control, and are defined as follows:
  • Technical labeling indicates the technical characteristics of the product.
  • Brand labeling refers to the trademark and/or logo.
  • Additional or hanging tag labeling contains additional information, such as: price, size, or anything else that the manufacturer considers necessary as long as it is not misleading.
  • Control labeling contains exclusive information for the manufacturer and is used for internal control purposes.
Only the technical label is mandatory. The additional label, the control label and the brand label are optional.

Apparel: Information Required for Technical Labeling
  • Size code according to NTE INEN 257; NTE INEN 1 873 and NTE INEN 1 874, where applicable
  • Percentage of fibers used and/or materials used--textile composition must be expressed in percentages according to the weight of the various fibers constituting the product, in descending order of prevalence.
  • Business name of the manufacturer or importer
  • Country of origin
  • care instructions according to Annex A of NTE INEN 1 875--instructions for care may be in symbols, in words, or combined.
The label must be big enough to contain all the required information and must be legible by the end consumer. The information must be in Castilian Spanish, but may additionally appear in other languages. Labels must be manufactured using fabric or any other material that does not produce skin rash or irritation and must have a life duration similar to the product being applied to and will not be affected by washing and ironing processes. The label must be sewn or adhered to the garment by a thermal process or similar, and placed in a visible, readily accessible place.

Footwear--Ecuador has proposed a new technical regulation on footwear labeling (RTE INEN 080) that is scheduled to enter into force on October 23, 2013. The proposed technical regulation requires that permanent labels appear on both units in the pair of footwear. It also outlines the following rules:
  • Information must be expressed in Spanish, even if it is also presented in other languages.
  • Before importation or sale of products produced domestically, permanent labels must be placed in a visible or easy to access site for the consumer.
  • The permanent label must contain the following information at a minimum:
    1. Materials used in the manufacture of the four parts that make up the shoe: uppers, lining, insole, and sole.
    2. Trade name and tax identification number (RUC) of the manufacturer and/or importer.
    3. Country of origin.
  • The size must be legible and visible, and should be placed on the product wherever the manufacturer considers convenient.
  • Footwear with no lining should be labeled “unlined.”
The information provided above is an unofficial summary of some of the provisions in the proposed regulation. Please see the official draft technical regulation (RTE INEN 080) for specific language and further details.
RTE INEN 080 Ecuador footwear labeling.pdf

Note--The government of Ecuador is accepting comments from interested parties regarding its draft technical regulation on the labeling of footwear (RTE INEN 080) until April 23, 2013, after which time the regulation will be adopted. See OTEXA's Hot Issue for details on submitting comments.

APPLICABLE REFERENCE STANDARDS
NTE INEN 255 Quality control. Sampling procedures and attribute inspection tables.
NTE INEN 257 Clothing size designations. Outer clothing for women and girls.
NTE INEN 877 Personal protection items. Rubber boots. Requirements
NTE INEN 1 873 Clothing size designations. Outer clothing for men and boys.
NTE INEN 1 874 Clothing size designations. Baby clothes.
NTE INEN 1 875 Textiles. Items of apparel. Labels. Requirements
NTE INEN 1 915 Footwear. Sampling
NTE INEN 1 920 Leather footwear for general use. Requirements
NTE INEN 1 921 Footwear for general use. Requirements
NTE INEN 1 926 Work and safety footwear. Requirements
NTE INEN 1 950 Footwear sizes. Labelling. Requirements
NTE INEN 1 951 Footwear sizes. Basic characteristics

For additional information, contact:
Instituto Ecuatoriano de Normalizacion - INEN
(Ecuadorian Standards Institute)

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Intellectual Property Rights - Ecuador
The Ecuadorian Intellectual Property Institute - IEPI handles patent, trademark and copyright registrations.

For information on protecting your trademarks, patents and copyrights:

Export.gov --Protecting Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Abroad

StopFakes.gov


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Market Information - Ecuador

For information on promoting the use of U.S. textile components in local production for export, see the Andean Trade Program and Drug Eradication Act (ATPDEA).


Government Procurement-- See Global Procurement Opportunities for U.S. exporters.

The National Institute for Public Procurement - INCOP is the entity in charge of the overall supervision of all public contracting processes, though every process is independently managed by the contracting institution with its own budget and referral terms. In order to sell to the government, suppliers must be registered in the Unique Register for Suppliers (RUP) at the Compras Publicas website. The Annual Contracting Plan, as well as the technical, financial and other relevant information for project execution, and the bid specifications also can be found in the “Pliegos” (sheets) at the Compras Publicas website, and at each of the contracting agencies’ web site.

U.S. companies may contact the U.S. Commercial Service for information and personalized counseling at every step of the exporting process. Find a U.S. Export Assistance Centers near you or contact an international office.

Other sources for market information and data:

The U.S. Commercial Service Market Research Library contains more than 100,000 industry and country-specific market reports, authored by specialists working in overseas posts. Some market research reports are available only to U.S. companies and U.S. students/researchers that are registered with Export.gov. Available reports are listed below.


Ecuador: Franchise Sector Market Research (01/2012)

OTEXA Export Market Report (U.S. export data for textiles, apparel, footwear and travel goods)

Export.gov Trade Data & Analysis webpage

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Foreign Agricultural Service

U.S. Department of State - U.S. Embassies, Consulates, and Diplomatic Missions and
U.S. Department of State Country Background Notes

U.S. Office of the Trade Representative

Local Industry and Trade Associations

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Office of Textiles and Apparel (OTEXA)
U.S. Department of Commerce
Washington, DC 20230
Phone: (202) 482-5078  |  Fax: (202) 482-2331
OTEXA@trade.gov