Textiles, Apparel, Footwear and Travel Goods
Last updated on 07/28/2017
If you have any questions about the following information, please contact Maria D'Andrea-Yothers at the U.S. Department of Commerce- Office of Textiles and Apparel at 202-482-4058 or click here for e-mail access.
**The following information is provided only as a guide and should be confirmed with the proper authorities before embarking on any export activities.**
Import Tariffs - India
|India's ad valorem duty rates are levied on the c.i.f. (cost, insurance and freight) value of imports. India levies specific duties on many textile and apparel products in Rupies per square meter, kilogram, or piece. In cases where the item is subject to both ad valorem and specific duties, Indian Customs charges whichever calculation results in a higher duty. |
India: Tariffs (percent ad valorem) on Textiles, Apparel, Footwear and Travel Goods
(1) Certain products are subject to alternate rates of duty with an ad valorem and specific Rupies per unit duty component.
| Tariff Rate Range (%)|
10 - 15
10 - 20
|-other vegetable fiber|
10 - 12.5 (1)
|-other vegetable fiber|
10 - 12.5 (1,2,3)
|Non Woven Fabric|
including: bed, bath, kitchen
(2) Certain fabrics in HS chapters 52, 54, 55, and 58 have been identified as upholstery fabrics and are subject to lower per unit specific duty rates. For the effective rates of duty on specified varieties of woven fabrics, see note at end of chapter 52 of the Indian Customs Tariff.
(3) There is a full exemption of duty on aramid yarn, thread and fabric for manufacture of bulletproof jackets for the armed forces.
For more detailed tariff information, see the Central Board of Excise and Customs website or use the Customs Duty Calculator . Also see the Current Situation of Schedules of Members on the World Trade Organization website.
While the Indian government publishes customs tariffs rates there is no single official publication that has all information on tariffs and tax rates on imports. Moreover, each Indian State levies taxes on interstate trade and commerce, which adds to the confusion. Effective April 2005, the Indian government implemented a Value-Added tax (VAT) system meant to replace the inter-state taxes, but implementation is not yet universal in all the States.
The standard rate of tariff is the statutory duty published in the First Schedule to the Customs Tariff Act. Import tariffs and other duties are revised by the Government of India in the annual budget in February of each year. However, the applied tariff rate can differ from the published statutory rate due to exemptions, which lower the standard rate for certain users, and tariff adjustments notified in the Gazette of India, which may lower or raise the standard rate. Therefore, the on-line tariff schedule may not always show the most recent tariff rates. Also, each Indian State levies taxes on interstate trade and commerce.
Samples/Temporary Entry--General Exemption No 14 of the Customs Tariff allows import of goods for display or use at fair, exhibition, demonstration, seminar, congress and conferences, subject to specified conditions. The U.S. Commercial Service of the American Embassy assists U.S. companies with temporary entry of their product and other display items for trade events enter India duty free for up to 6 months through its Customs Clearance Guarantee service. Indian Customs also accepts ATA Carnets issued under the Exhibitions and Fairs Convention in a limited number of ports of entry.
ATA Carnet--An ATA Carnet or "Merchandise Passport" is a document that facilitates the temporary importation of products into foreign countries by eliminating tariffs and other import taxes or charges normally required at the time of importation. For more information or to apply for an ATA Carnet, see the United States Council for International Business website.
|If your product is primarily made in the U.S. of U.S. originating components it may qualify for duty-free entry into countries with which the U.S. has a free trade agreement (FTA). The U.S. currently has FTAs with the following countries: Australia, Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Jordan, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Panama, Peru, Singapore and South Korea. See the FTA Tariff Tool, to determine the duty-free status or reduced duties that apply to products eligible under these free trade agreements.|
Additional resources for tariff information:
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Import Documentation/Procedures (India)
Imports of certain items must be imported through specified ports. Apparel must be imported through Jawaharlal Nehru Port Mumbai.
Preshipment inspection is required for certain textile and clothing articles. Imports of textiles, textile articles, woollen textiles and woollen blended fabrics must have a pre-shipment certification from a Textile Testing Laboratory accredited to National Accreditation Agency of the Country of Origin (i.e., the exporting country).
For more information on local customs rules and regulations:
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Import Restrictions (India)
Prohibition on textiles containing AZO and other hazardous dyes--The importation of textiles and textile articles is permitted subject to the condition that the products do not contain any of the hazardous dyes, such as AZO, whose handling, production, carriage or use is prohibited by the Government of India under Environment (Protection) Act, 1986. A pre-shipment certification is required declaring that the shipment is free of azo-dyes. The pre-shipment certificate must be from a textile testing laboratory accredited to the National Accreditation Agency of the country of origin, certifying that the products do not contain any of the prohibited dyes. View a list of banned dyes in the attached PDF below.
|U.S. Export Restrictions:|
The Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) in the U.S. Department of the Treasury administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions against targeted foreign countries, terrorists, and international narcotics traffickers and their agents in accordance with U.S. foreign policy and national security goals. The OFAC website includes summaries of sanctions programs for various countries and the “Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons” (SDNs) list of entities and individuals with whom U.S. persons may not conduct business and whose property must be blocked if under the control of a U.S. person.
The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) in the U.S. Department of Commerce is responsible for implementing and enforcing the Export Administration Regulations (EAR), which regulate the export and re-export of most commercial items. BIS maintains the Denied Persons List, which consists of individuals, and companies that have been denied export and re-export privileges by BIS, and the Entity List, which consists of foreign end users who pose an unacceptable risk of diverting U.S. exports and the technology they contain to alternate destinations for the development of weapons of mass destruction
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Standards - India
See the Office of Textile Commissioner website for a list of standards and further information.
There are 4 mandatory standards for textile products under the Fire Retardant Textile Materials (Quality Control) Order, 2013.
- IS 15741:2007- Resistance to Ignition of Curtains and Drapes – Specification
- IS 15742:2007- Requirements for Clothing Made of Limited Flame Spread Materials and Material Assemblies Affording Protection against Heat and Flame – Specification
- IS 15748:2007- Protective Clothing for Industrial Workers Exposed to Heat (excluding clothing for firefighters and welders)
- IS 15768:2007- Resistance to Ignition of Upholstered Composites Used for Non-domestic Furniture – Specification
Local standards organization and other resources:
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Labeling - India
Textiles Regulation 1988, which imposes safety and marking guidelines, applies only to tops containing wool, yarns made wholly of cotton, and fabric containing cotton or wool. Specific information to be included on the label and the type of label is provided for each category of product.
Product labels must be in Hindi (Devnagiri script) or in English.
The following classes of goods must be marked with the country of origin: piece goods of cotton, silk, staple fiber yarn and wool, including mixture piece goods, i.e., piece goods made of different kinds of yarns or piece goods made of yarns spun of mixtures of different kinds of textile fiber.
The following are relevant Indian standards for labeling that can be found at the Bureau of Indian Standards - BIS:
As per a Notification issued by the Ministry of Commerce on November 24, 2000, all prepackaged products (intended for direct retail sale only) imported into India must carry the following declarations on the label:
- IS 15798:2007 Textiles - Requirements for labelling and marking of consumer textiles – Specification
- IS 4418:1967 Guide for care-labelling of textiles for laundering and dry cleaning (To be superseded)
- IS 14452:2014/ISO 3758:2012 - Textiles - Care labelling code using symbols
- IS 10194:1982 Guide for positioning of labels in garments (To be superseded)
- IS 15651:2006 - Textiles - Requirements for environmental labelling - Specification
- IS 14453:1997/ISO 3635:1981 Size designation of clothes - Definition and body measurement procedure [Superseding IS 10015(Part 1):1981]
- IS 14454:1997/ISO 4416:1981 Size designation of clothes - Women's and girls' underwear, nightwear, foundation garments and shirts [Superseding IS10015(Part 6):1983]
- IS 14455:1997/ISO 3638:1977 Size designation of clothes - Infants' outerwear garments [Superseding IS 10015(Part 4):1982]
- IS 14484:1997/ISO 4415:1981 Size designation of clothes - Men's and boys' underwear, nightwear and shirts [Superseding IS 10015(Part 5):1983]
- IS 14839:2000/ISO 4418:1978 Size designation of clothes: Gloves (Superseding IS 10015(Part 7)]
- IS 14840:2000/ISO 4417:1977 Size designation of clothes: Headwear [Superseding IS 10015(Part 8)]
- IS 14853:2000/ISO 3636:1977 Size designation of clothes: Men's and boy's outwear garments [Superseding IS 10015(Part 2)]
- IS 14854:2000/ISO 3637:1977 Size designation of clothes: Women's and girl's outerwear garments [Superseding IS 10015(Part 3)]
India has a voluntary Eco-Labeling scheme known as `Ecomark', which provides for easy identification of environment-friendly products. Criteria for the Ecomark has be set for 16 product categories, including textiles and leather.
- name and address of the importer
- generic or common name of the commodity packed
- net quantity in terms of standard unit of weights and measurement (in metric)
- month and year of packing in which the commodity is manufactured, packed or imported, and the maximum retail sales price (MRP) at which the commodity in packaged form may be sold to the end consumer.
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Market Information - India
Government of India Ministry of Textiles
Office of the Textile Commissioner
India Business Center - IBC - U.S. Department of Commerce, International Trade Administration
|U.S. companies may contact the U.S. Commercial Service for information and personalized counseling at every step of the exporting process. Find a U.S. Export Assistance Centers near you. |
For information on protecting trademarks, designs, patents and copyrights, see the STOPFAKES.GOV website. STOPFAKES.GOV is dedicated to helping U.S. companies protect their innovations and safely market their products at home and overseas. Find guidance and resources on how to register your company's intellectual property and protect it from counterfeiting and piracy. Also find IPR toolkits for select countries, as well as other country-specific information.
For information on selling to foreign governments, see the Global Procurement Opportunities website.
Other sources for market information and data:
The U.S. Commercial Service Market Research Library contains more than 100,000 industry and country-specific market reports, authored by specialists working in overseas posts. Some market research reports are available only to U.S. companies and U.S. students/researchers that are registered with Export.gov. Available reports are listed below.
OTEXA Export Market Report (U.S. export data for textiles, apparel, footwear and travel goods)
- Technical Textile Industry (6/2014)
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Foreign Agricultural Service
U.S. Department of State - U.S. Embassies, Consulates, and Diplomatic Missions
U.S. Office of the Trade Representative
Local Industry and Trade Associations
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