Market Reports/Tariffs
Textiles, Apparel, Footwear and Travel Goods


Import Tariffs
Market Information

Last updated on 03/17/2017

If you have any questions about the following information, please contact Laurie Mease at the U.S. Department of Commerce- Office of Textiles and Apparel at 202-482-3400 or click here for e-mail access.

**The following information is provided only as a guide and should be confirmed with the proper authorities before embarking on any export activities.**

Import Tariffs - Mexico
Textile and apparel goods manufactured in the United States enter Mexico duty free under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) if they qualify under the rules of the Agreement. For more information, see NAFTA in the FTA section.

Products from the United States that do not qualify under the NAFTA rules are subject to Mexico's MFN rates of duty (see the tariff table below). Mexico applies percent ad valorem duties on the c.i.f. (cost, insurance and freight) value of imports.

Mexico: Ad valorem tariffs on Textiles, Apparel, Footwear and Travel Goods
HS Chapter/Subheading
Tariff Rate Range (%)
0 - 10
0 - 10
-other vegetable fiber
0 - 10
-man-made fiber
0 - 10
Woven Fabric
-other vegetable fiber
-man-made fiber
Knit Fabric
0 - 10
Non Woven Fabric
Industrial Fabric
0 - 10
20 - 25
Home Furnishings
including: bed, bath, kitchen linens, etc.
10 - 20


Travel Goods



0 - 20


For more detailed tariff information, see Integrated Foreign Trade Information System (Siicex) website on the Secretaría de Economía -Foreign Trade website. Use the “IGI” column (Impuesto General Indirecto – General duty). Also see the Current Situation of Schedules of Members on the World Trade Organization website.

Various Sectoral Promotion Programmes (PROSECs)--Under PROSECs, manufacturers of certain goods may import various inputs for the production of those goods at a reduced tariff, irrespective of whether the goods produced are to be exported or are for the domestic market. The tariffs applied range from 0 to 5 per cent. The goods to be imported and the articles to be produced are grouped by sector. The benefits of the program only apply to those inputs included in the specified sector and may not be used for other purposes. Some of the sectoral programs include textiles and clothing; footwear; furniture; sports articles; hides and skins; and the automobile industry and automobile parts.

Additional Import Taxes and Fees--Mexico has an IVA or VAT (value added tax) on most sales transactions, including sales of foreign products. The VAT is 11 percent for products staying in the Mexican border region and 16 percent for products going to the interior of Mexico. The VAT is assessed on the c.i.f. value for non-NAFTA products whereas the VAT for NAFTA qualifying products is assessed on the FOB value. The VAT may be waived for imports by a manufacturing plant registered under an approved Mexican government program (e.g., maquila plant).

Silk or leather clothing items (except for shoes) pay a 5-percent luxury tax in addition to the VAT. U.S. goods entering Mexico do not have to pay this 5 percent luxury tax when their product is purchased by a business.

Samples/Temporary Imports--Samples, must not exceed $1(US) in value and must be marked as such (i.e., cut, torn, pierced, permanent colored or otherwise unusable for retail sale). Samples cannot be in commercial packaging unless the packaging has been marked, cut, torn or pierced and have the word “SAMPLE” printed on it.

Samples may be sent as temporary imports, which involve the entry of merchandise for a limited time for a specific purpose and that will be returned abroad in the same condition established under Customs. Temporary imports should not pay tariffs or countervailing duties, unless they are introduced under a duty deferral, duty drawback, maquiladora, or IMMEX program. Mexico’s VAT does not apply to temporary imports. All other obligations regarding non-tariff regulations and restrictions, as well as customs clearance formalities of the merchandise do apply.

When sending samples for a trade show, it is recommended that the U.S. company/exhibitor contact the show organizers. In most cases, the show organizers make arrangements to bring sample merchandise into Mexico via a single freight forwarder.

Mexico accepts ATA Carnet for commercial samples, exhibitions and fairs, and professional equipment. Temporary imports may remain in Mexico for up to six months.

ATA Carnet--An ATA Carnet or "Merchandise Passport" is a document that facilitates the temporary importation of products into foreign countries by eliminating tariffs and other import taxes or charges normally required at the time of importation. For more information or to apply for an ATA Carnet, see the United States Council for International Business website.

If your product is primarily made in the U.S. of U.S. originating components it may qualify for duty-free entry into countries with which the U.S. has a free trade agreement (FTA). The U.S. currently has FTAs with the following countries: Australia, Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Jordan, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Panama, Peru, Singapore and South Korea. See the FTA Tariff Tool, to determine the duty-free status or reduced duties that apply to products eligible under these free trade agreements.

Additional resources for tariff information:

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Import Documentation/Procedures (Mexico)

**The NAFTA Certificate of Origin should only be filled out if the product qualifies for NAFTA preferential treatment. Products not manufactured or produced within the NAFTA region DO NOT qualify for NAFTA preferential tariff treatment.**

Tariff Treatment of Low Value Exports--In general, Mexico requires that the importer use a Mexican customs broker for all importations into Mexico. However, when low value shipment--those valued at less than $US 2000--are sent to Mexico via a courier or package service, this requirement may be waived. For U.S.-made clothing and accessories shipments of 10 items or less, courier services, using informal entry procedures in Mexico may opt to pay import duties applied at a rate of 22.92%. To qualify for this lower rate of duty, which can range up to 38.92%, the products must have marks or labels that distinguish them as originating in a NAFTA country.

Annex 18--Entries of certain textile and apparel products require that additional information be submitted to Mexican Customs Authority, reported in a Document entitled "Annex 18." The additional information required varies by tariff classification and is listed in this document (which is only available in Spanish).

Certificate of Origin (Annex III)--Mexico has special origin certification requirements for textile, apparel and footwear products identical or similar to those subject to countervailing (CV) or anti-dumping (AD) duties. Such imports must be accompanied by an Annex III certificate of origin. AD or CV duties may be applied if documentation required to prove that the goods do not originate in a country subject to such duties is not provided.

Post-importation Inspections--Mexico's customs system makes use of customs advisors to assist with the verification of merchandise selected for physical inspection or for which particular problems have been identified. Reportedly, all imports of textile, apparel and footwear products are physically inspected.

The Secretariat of Agriculture (SAGARPA) requires prior import authorization for some leather and fur products

For more information on local customs rules and regulations:
Administración General de Aduanas (El Servicio de Administración Tributaria (SAT)) -(General Customs Administration)

For information on common export documents, such as transportation documents, export compliance documents, certificates of origin, certificates for shipments of specific goods, temporary shipment documents, and other export-related documents, see the webpage on Common Export Documents.

For country-specific information on import procedures and documentation requirements, see the
Country Commercial Guides (CCG) on the website.

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Import Restrictions (Mexico)
No information is currently available on any bans, quotas, or other restrictions.
U.S. Export Restrictions:

The Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) in the U.S. Department of the Treasury administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions against targeted foreign countries, terrorists, and international narcotics traffickers and their agents in accordance with U.S. foreign policy and national security goals. The OFAC website includes summaries of sanctions programs for various countries and the “Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons” (SDNs) list of entities and individuals with whom U.S. persons may not conduct business and whose property must be blocked if under the control of a U.S. person.

The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) in the U.S. Department of Commerce is responsible for implementing and enforcing the Export Administration Regulations (EAR), which regulate the export and re-export of most commercial items. BIS maintains the Denied Persons List, which consists of individuals, and companies that have been denied export and re-export privileges by BIS, and the Entity List, which consists of foreign end users who pose an unacceptable risk of diverting U.S. exports and the technology they contain to alternate destinations for the development of weapons of mass destruction
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Standards - Mexico

The Direccion General de Normas - DGN (Mexican Bureau of Standards) manages and coordinates the standardization activities in Mexico.

There are three types of standards in Mexico:
  • NOMs – official standards – technical regulations, such as labeling requirements, issued by government agencies and ministries. NOMs are mandatory and are intended to establish specifications for goods, services or production processes in order to guarantee the safety of persons, as well as protect natural resources and the environment.
  • NMX – “voluntary” standards – voluntary standards are issued by recognized national standard making bodies. NMXs are intended to guide producers and consumers and promote quality. Compliance is mandatory only when a claim is made that a product meets the NMX, when a NOM specifies compliance, and whenever applicable in government procurement. Organizations that develop NMXs for textile products include INNTEX - Instituto Nacional De Normalización Textil, A.C. (Mexican Institute of Textile Standardization).
  • NRs -- reference standards -- NRs are drawn up by decentralized bodies of the Federal Public Administration in order to establish specifications for goods and services that are the subject of government procurement, when there is no NMX or any international standard or when these cannot be applied.
All domestic and imported products must comply with the corresponding technical regulations. For domestic products, compliance with the NOMs is verified both at the production and distribution sites; for imported products, verification usually takes place at the border. Some imports are exempt from compliance with NOMs, for example, samples and goods not intended for sale and those coming under special customs regimes (such as temporary import and bonded warehouses).

Some NOMs and NMXs relevant to textile, apparel, footwear and leather products follow:
    • NOM-004-SCFI-2006 (as amended in 2011)--Commercial Information - Labelling of Textile Products, Articles of Apparel, Clothing Accessories and Household Linen
    • NOM-004-SCFI-1993--Textiles, Clothing and Accessories Labelling Decree
    • NOM-003-SCFI-1993--Domestic Electrical Appliances (includes HS 6301.10.01 - electrical blankets)
    • NOM-020-SCFI-1993--Leather and Artificial Leather Labelling Decree
    • NMX-A-2076-INNTEX-2013 and NMX-A-6938-INNTEX-2013--Fiber content/identity labeling standards (these replace NMX-A-099-INNTEX as referenced in NOM-004-SCFI-2006)
    • NMX-A-240-INNTEX-2009--Care instructions
    • NOM-113-STPS-2009, Safety - Personal protection equipment - Protective shoes - Classification, specifications, and test methods.
    • NOM-050-SCFI-1994- General provisions for all products
The full texts of draft and enacted NOMs and some NMXs are available in the DGN library or on DGN’s webpage. To search for draft and enacted technical regulations and standards, see the electronic NOM library. Draft texts of some NMX standards are available for free download. Most NMXs, however, are copyrighted and therefore only available for a fee directly from the standards development body that issued the draft standard. INNTEX publishes NMXs related to textiles and apparel in Spanish, but some are also available in English in ISO´s standards catalogue.

Under the NAFTA, Mexico is required to recognize conformity assessment bodies (i.e., certification bodies or testing laboratories) in the United States and Canada on terms no less favorable than those applied to conformity assessment bodies in Mexico.

Local standards organization and other resources:

The National Center for Standards and Certification Information (NCSCI) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in the U.S. Department of Commerce provides information on U.S. and foreign standards, technical regulations, and conformity assessment procedures for non-agricultural products. NCSCI staff responds to requests for information by identifying relevant standards and regulations, and by referral to the appropriate standards-developers or private-sector organizations. Under copyright restrictions, NCSCI cannot provide copies of standards, but NCSCI does provide sources for accessing standards.

Notify U.S. - Member countries of the World Trade Organization (WTO) are required under the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT Agreement) to report to the WTO all proposed technical regulations that could affect trade with other Member countries. Notify U.S. is a free, web-based e-mail subscription service that offers U.S. companies an opportunity to review and comment on proposed foreign technical regulations that may affect their access to international markets.

Additional resources:

Examples of voluntary formaldehyde labeling programs

American Apparel and Footwear Association's Restricted Substances List

American National Standards Institute (ANSI)

ASTM International

International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

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Labeling - Mexico

Mexico’s labeling requirements are contained in numerous mandatory standards (NOMs) and voluntary standards (NMXs), which are listed below. On December 23, 2011, the Mexican government published amended labeling requirements for textile and apparel products in the Diario Oficial. This notice, which became effective on February 21, 2012, contains modifications to NOM-004-SCFI-2006. In general, the regulations apply to apparel, apparel accessories, textile products and home textiles, having a textile content greater than 50% of the product’s total weight.

The Diario Oficial notice outlining the amended labeling requirements (in Spanish) is attached below and an unofficial summary follows. Please be sure to refer to an official source or check with your importer in Mexico for the specific labeling requirements.

In general, apparel and apparel accessories must bear a permanent, legible label with the following information in Spanish:

  • Commercial brand name
  • Fiber content (NMX-A-2076-INNTEX-2013 and NMX-A-6938-INNTEX-2013)
  • Size
  • Care instructions (NMX-A-240-2009-INNTEX, includes use of care labeling symbols)
  • Country of origin
  • Manufacturer’s or importer’s name and address
For handbags, suitcases, purses, wallets, boxes, backpacks, umbrellas, seat covers, articles used for covering household electrical and other goods, furniture and bathroom furniture covers, cushions, cleaning supplies, painting canvas, baby diapers, textile belts, and other miscellaneous items, the label should include the following information:
  • Fiber content (NMX-A-2076-INNTEX-2013 and NMX-A-6938-INNTEX-2013)
  • Country of origin
  • Manufacturer’s or importer’s name and address
Textile-related labeling NOMs and NMXs include:
  • NOM-015-SCFI-1998 for toys, published on February 15, 1999 in the Diario Oficial.
  • NOM-020-SCFI-1997 for leather and synthetic leather materials, published on April 27, 1998 in the Diario Oficial.
  • NOM-050-SCFI-1994 general provisions for all products
  • NOM-008-SCFI-2002: General System of Measurement Units, published in the Official Bulletin of the Federation on 27 November 2002.
  • NMX-A-2076-INNTEX-2013 and NMX-A-6938-INNTEX-2013: Fiber content/identity labeling requirements
  • NMX-A-240-INNTEX-2009: Textile industry-Clothing-Symbols in the care
Quantities for all goods must be provided in metric units and a comma must be used in place of the decimal point. Imported products using a period as a decimal point may be rejected by Mexican Customs officials.

Exporters can obtain an advanced ruling on their labels for a fee by obtaining a constancia from an authorized verification unit (VU), which will verify the conformity of imported products to the appropriate NOM. A constancia is a document certifying that the label in question complies with the relevant NOM. The principle is that when the document of conformity has been issued by an accredited VU, the importer should not encounter any problem, either during the customs clearance, nor when the product is put on the market. It has been reported that some VUs have included a clause of non-responsibility in their contracts that say they will not be responsible for any lack of compliance found in the retail phase on the labels they have checked. However, Mexican authorities have indicated that if a VU has checked the compliance of the label, it will be responsible if the same label is found not in conformity with the NOMs. Verification units are private companies and the importer negotiates the prices on the basis of the number of labels to be verified.

All products intended for retail sale in Mexico must bear a label in Spanish prior to their importation to Mexico.

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Market Information - Mexico

No specific information is available.

U.S. companies may contact the U.S. Commercial Service for information and personalized counseling at every step of the exporting process. Find a U.S. Export Assistance Centers near you.

For information on protecting trademarks, designs, patents and copyrights, see the STOPFAKES.GOV website. STOPFAKES.GOV is dedicated to helping U.S. companies protect their innovations and safely market their products at home and overseas. Find guidance and resources on how to register your company's intellectual property and protect it from counterfeiting and piracy. Also find IPR toolkits for select countries, as well as other country-specific information.

For information on selling to foreign governments, see the Global Procurement Opportunities website.

Other sources for market information and data:

OTEXA Export Market Report (U.S. export data for textiles, apparel, footwear and travel goods)

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Foreign Agricultural Service

U.S. Department of State - U.S. Embassies, Consulates, and Diplomatic Missions

U.S. Office of the Trade Representative

Local Industry and Trade Associations

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