Textiles, Apparel, Footwear and Travel Goods
Last updated on 01/09/2013
If you have any questions about the following information, please contact Linda Martinich at the U.S. Department of Commerce Office of Textiles and Apparel at 202-482-4058 or click here for e-mail access.
**The following information is provided only as a guide and should be confirmed with the proper authorities before embarking on any export activities.**
Import Tariffs - Russia
|Russia, Kazakhstan and Belarus recently agreed entered into a customs union and began applying a common external tariff (CET)--effective January 1, 2010. Customs duties are payable on the c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight) value of goods. Most duties are levied on an ad valorem basis. However, some goods are subject to specific duties and others to a combination of specific and ad valorem duties. Specific duties are based on unit of measurement such as weight or volume and are stated and calculated in European currency units. |
Russia Ad Valorem Tariffs on Textiles, Apparel, Footwear and Travel Goods
Tariff Rate Range (%)
|-other vegetable fiber|
0 - 20
0 - 5
|-other vegetable fiber|
0 - 20
|Non Woven Fabric|
5 - 15*
5 - 20*
|Home Furnishings |
including: bed, bath, kitchen linens, etc.
5 - 20*
0 - 10*
0 - 20*
* Some products may be subject to per unit tariffs.
For more detailed tariff information, see the Russian Federal Customs Service website or see the Russia/Kazakhstan/Belarus (RKB) common external tariff schedule (in Russian) on the Eurasian Economic Commission website.
Additional Import Taxes and Fees--In addition to tariffs, there are two types of charges applied to imports, the VAT (value added tax) and selective excise taxes. Russian importers pay a VAT of 18%, which is applied to the import price plus tariff. However, children's apparel and medical supplies are subject to a 10-percent VAT. An Excise Tax, ranging from 20% - 570%, is levied on a number of luxury goods, alcohol, and cigarettes. An excise tax, if applicable, is calculated as a percentage of the customs value of the goods. The Excise tax DOES NOT apply to textile and apparel products unless they are leather goods.
A customs processing fee of 0.15 percent of the actual cost of the goods is also levied. There are two components to this fee- a miscellaneous customs clearance fee of .1 percent, payable in rubles, and a additional tax of .05 percent, payable in foreign currency.
Temporary Entry/Samples--Full conditional relief from customs duties is allowed for commercial samples, not for sale, used at trade shows and exhibitions. Russian Customs accepts the use of ATA Carnets.
ATA Carnet--An ATA Carnet or "Merchandise Passport" is a document that facilitates the temporary importation of products into foreign countries by eliminating tariffs and other import taxes or charges normally required at the time of importation. For more information or to apply for an ATA Carnet, see the United States Council for International Business website.
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Import Documentation/Procedures (Russia)
|Import Licenses--Import licenses are required for carpets. Import licenses are issued by the Russian Ministry for Economic Development and Trade or its regional branches, and controlled by the State Customs Committee. To learn whether an import license is needed for a particular product, contact the Russian Ministry for Economic Development licensing department.|
For more information on local customs rules and regulations:
Federal Customs Service
Russian State Customs Committee
Customs Union - Russia, Kazakhstan, Belarus
|For information on common export documents, such as transportation documents, export compliance documents, certificates of origin, certificates for shipments of specific goods, temporary shipment documents, and other export-related documents, see the Export.gov webpage on Common Export Documents. |
For more information on import procedures and documentation requirements, see the Country Commercial Guides (CCG) in the U.S. Commercial Service Market Research Library (enter your country of interest in the "country" field, and enter "Country Commercial Guide (CCG)" in the "Report Type" field. Some market research reports are available only to U.S. companies and U.S. students/researchers that are registered with Export.gov.
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Import Restrictions (Russia)
|No information is currently available on any bans, quotas, or other restrictions.|
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|U.S. Export Restrictions:|
The Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) in the U.S. Department of the Treasury administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions against targeted foreign countries, terrorists, and international narcotics traffickers and their agents in accordance with U.S. foreign policy and national security goals. The OFAC website includes summaries of sanctions programs for various countries and the “Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons” (SDNs) list of entities and individuals with whom U.S. persons may not conduct business and whose property must be blocked if under the control of a U.S. person.
The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) in the U.S. Department of Commerce is responsible for implementing and enforcing the Export Administration Regulations (EAR), which regulate the export and re-export of most commercial items. BIS maintains the Denied Persons List, which consists of individuals, and companies that have been denied export and re-export privileges by BIS, and the Entity List, which consists of foreign end users who pose an unacceptable risk of diverting U.S. exports and the technology they contain to alternate destinations for the development of weapons of mass destruction
Standards - Russia
|The government authority for standardization, metrology and certification matters is the Federal Agency for Technical Regulations and Metrology (abbreviated name is Rosstandart). Proposed technical regulations are published (in Russian) on the Rosstandart website for two months. Draft and final documents are published in the monthly “Vestnik of Gosstandart of Russia” journal, published by the Federal Agency for Technical Regulations and Metrology. |
Goods subject to obligatory certification include food products, industrial and household chemicals, electrical appliances, motor vehicles, metering equipment, toys, children's clothing and footwear, and telecommunications, office, health, and manufacturing equipment.
A Certificate of Conformity is required for all imported goods to clear Russian Customs. A number of agencies issue certificates. Some are affiliated with the Russian State Standards Committee; others are affiliated with industry-specific scientific and research centers. Russian Customs does not require a certificate of conformity for imported fabrics, although local apparel manufacturers need it to certify products consisting of imported fabrics.
With the establishment of the Customs Union, new rules for conformity assessment came into effect. Manufactures can obtain unified certificates/declarations of conformity for all three countries. The full set of the documents, including the unified list of accredited bodies and laboratories that governs this process, is published on the Eurasian Economic Commission website. A “Unified list of products” indicates which products need to have certificates of conformity/declarations of conformity. If a product is not included, then the conformity process according to the national standards of Russia, Kazakhstan, or Belarus, depending on the final destination of the product applies.
To obtain the Certificate of Conformity, contact:
Apparel Scientific Testing Center
The Central Scientific and Research Institute of the Apparel Industry
Russia’s standards regime remains extremely complex due to its lack of clarity and overall redundancy. While the system has improved somewhat, U.S. companies are encouraged to obtain appropriate legal advice or assistance from experienced distributors or consultants.
Local standards organization and other resources:
The Federal Agency for Technical Regulations and Metrology (Rosstandart)
Russian Center for Tests and Certification
Russian Standard (general representative of Rostest for North America)
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Labeling - Russia
Labeling requirements are set up in the Law For the Protection of the Consumer. For the textile products and light industry, the labeling requirements are explained in the Regulation of Gosstandart n°51121-97.
In general, all the information must be in Russian, except the name of the producer or the importer with the condition to mention in Russian that it is the importer or the producer. Labels are to include information as follows:
- name of the product (e.g., "skirt" , "dress", etc.)
- model of the product
- name and address of the producer or of the distributor
- country of origin
- fiber content (fibers presented by order of importance and with the percentage)
- size according to the Russian size system
- care instructions
- the Gosstandard logo of conformity
- code of recommended age (for children's clothing)
Labels are to be affixed to the product. Information for imported products can be provided on stickers on the original label, or on the package of the product. Regulations can be obtained from Russia's State Committee on Standardization and Metrology (Gosstandart).
For additional information regarding labeling and marking requirements, contact:
Russian Center for Tests and Certification, GOSSTANDART
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Intellectual Property Rights - Russia
U.S. firms should proactively take steps to protect their intellectual property in Russia, including registering their trademarks with the Federal Service for Intellectual Property, Patents and Trademarks (Rospatent) and the Russian Federal Customs Service.
Under the Russia-Kazakhstan-Belarus Customs Union, Russia signed a CU agreement authorizing the creation of a Unified Customs Union IPR Register. The agreement establishes a procedure for registering trademarks as well as a framework for the customs authorities of each of the CU Parties to cooperate with each other, and with rights holders, on border enforcement.
U.S. and multinational companies report counterfeiting of trademarked goods. U.S. firms complain about “trademark squatting” by Russian enterprises attempting to appropriate well-known trademarks not active or registered in Russia.
See the Russia IPR Toolkit on the STOPFAKES.gov website.
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Market Information - Russia
Russia to join the World Trade Organization (WTO) – See ITA’s Sector Opportunity Reports highlighting tariff and non-tariff commitments Russia is undertaking in key U.S. export sectors. See also ITA’s State Opportunity Reports for all 50 states, their companies, workers, farmers, and ranchers.
The emerging markets of Eurasia present unique opportunities for U.S. companies and Eurasian economies alike. The Special American Business Internship Training (SABIT) program builds partnerships and provides technical assistance by training Eurasian business leaders in U.S. business practices. These training programs directly support Eurasian economic and civil society development by encouraging market-based reforms, while generating valuable export and investment opportunities for U.S. industry.
While Eurasian markets are full of opportunity, there are an equal number of risks that must be considered. A sound understanding of the local market environment is instrumental in managing these risks. SABIT enables U.S. companies to develop this local knowledge by establishing partnerships and training local Eurasian management.
Government Procurement-- See Global Procurement Opportunities for U.S. exporters.
The Ministry for Economic Development - MED and Treasury are responsible for developing Russian procurement policy. All the legal initiatives are developed by this Ministry and sometimes jointly with Ministry of Industry and Trade. See the list of tenders, on the government website http://www.zakupki.gov.ru/wps/portal/base/topmain/home, which is available only in the Russian.
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