Market Reports/Tariffs
Textiles, Apparel, Footwear and Travel Goods

Turkey

Import Tariffs
Documentation/Procedures
Restrictions
Standards
Labeling
Market Information

Last updated on 07/19/2014

If you have any questions about the following information, please contact Linda Martinich at the U.S. Department of Commerce- Office of Textiles and Apparel at 202-482-4058 or click here for e-mail access.

**The following information is provided only as a guide and should be confirmed with the proper authorities before embarking on any export activities.**


Import Tariffs - Turkey
Turkey and the EU have a customs union, covering industrial products and Turkey has adopted the EU’s common external tariff (CET) for imports from third countries. Nonagricultural imports from the member countries of the EU and the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) enter Turkey duty free.

Import duties are calculated on an ad valorem basis, i.e., expressed as a percentage of the c.i.f. (cost, insurance and freight) value of the imported goods.

Turkey: Tariffs (percent ad valorem) on Textiles, Apparel, Footwear and Travel Goods
HS Chapter/Subheading
Tariff Rate Range (%)
Yarn
-silk
5003-5006
0 - 5
-wool
5105-5110
2 - 5
-cotton
5204-5207
4 - 5*****
-other vegetable fiber
5306-5308
0 - 5
-man-made fiber
5401-5406/5501-5511
3.8 - 5
........................
Woven Fabric
-silk
5007
3 - 7.5
-wool
5111-5113
5.3 - 8***
-cotton
5208-5212
8***
-other vegetable fiber
5309-5311
4 - 8
-man-made fiber
5407-5408/5512-5516
8***
........................
Knit Fabric
60
6.5 - 8
........................
Non Woven Fabric
5603
4.3
........................
Industrial Fabric
59
4 - 8
........................
Apparel
61-62
6.3 - 12***
........................
Home Furnishings
including: bed, bath, kitchen linens, etc.
63
0 - 12
........................
Carpet

Footwear

Travel Goods
57

64

4202
3 - 8*

3 - 17**

3 - 9.7****
* Max 2.8 EUR/m2
** Effective August 10, 2013, an additional import tax of 50% (not being lower than $5/pair) is applied on leather footwear and an additional tax is 30% (not being lower than $3/pair) on non-leather footwear. For footwear accessories (classified under 6406), the additional duty rate is 10%. For more information, see our "Hot Issue".
***Imports originating in the U.S. are subject to additional tariffs of 20% on designated woven fabrics and 30% on designated apparel and apparel accessories. Additional tariffs on products of other origins may vary.
****Imports of travel goods classified under H.S. 42.02 are subject to additional tariffs as scheduled below.
H.S. Code
Additional Duty Rates
4/8/2011-4/7/2012
4/8/2012-4/7/2013
4/8/2013-4/7/2014
42.02
$2.70 / Kg
Max. $4.25 / ea
$2.60 / Kg
Max. $4.00 / ea
$2.50 / Kg
Max. $3.75 / ea
*****Imports of cotton yarn classified under HS code 52.05 are subject to additional tariffs as scheduled below.
H.S. Code
Additional Duty Rates
7/15/2011-7/14/2012
7/15/2012-7/14/2013
7/15/2013-7/14/2014
52.05
10%
Max. $0.85 /Net Kg
Min. $0.29 /Net Kg
9%
Max. $0.80 /Net Kg
Min. $0.26 /Net Kg
8%
Max. $0.75 /Net Kg
Min. $0.23 /Net Kg

Turkey applies the Customs Union common external tariff (CET) to industrial goods. For more detailed tariff information, see the EU TARIC database on the EU TARIC homepagesee, or the Current Situation of Schedules of Members on the World Trade Organization website.

Additional Import Taxes and Fees--Customs surcharges including a VAT (value added tax) are levied on most imported, as well as domestic, goods and services. The VAT is calculated on a c.i.f. basis plus duty rate and any other applicable charges levied before the goods clear customs. Most industrial products are charged a rate of 18 percent. A reduced VAT rate of 8% is applied on contract manufacturing for textile and ready-to-wear works.

Temporary Entry/Samples--Samples of no commercial value are admitted duty-free. Other samples are assessed duties and taxes at the time of import, but these are refunded if the samples are re-exported within six months from the date of import. Books, newspapers, magazines, catalogs, pamphlets, brochures, and similar advertising materials are exempt from customs duty. U.S. traders may also wish to consider a more simplified procedure in the form of an ATA Carnet.

ATA Carnet--An ATA Carnet or "Merchandise Passport" is a document that facilitates the temporary importation of products into foreign countries by eliminating tariffs and other import taxes or charges normally required at the time of importation. For more information or to apply for an ATA Carnet, see the United States Council for International Business website.

If your product is primarily made in the U.S. of U.S. originating components it may qualify for duty-free entry into countries with which the U.S. has a free trade agreement (FTA). The U.S. currently has FTAs with the following countries: Australia, Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Jordan, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Panama, Peru, Singapore and South Korea. See the FTA Tariff Tool, to determine the duty-free status or reduced duties that apply to products eligible under these free trade agreements.

Additional resources for tariff information:

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Import Documentation/Procedures (Turkey)


Registration--Registration is required under Communiqué No. 2010/1 on imports of various textiles and textile products, apparel, and footwear, effective January 1, 2010. See the Turkish Official Gazette dated 12/31/2009 No.27449 (bis. 2). Product coverage by HS product code follows: 4203.10, 4203.21, 4203.29, 4203.30, 4303.10, 4304, Chapter 50, Chapter 51, Chapter 52, Chapter 53, Chapter 54 (excluding 5407.20), Chapter 55, Chapter 56, Chapter 57 (excluding 5701 and 5702), Chapter 58 (excluding 5805), Chapter 59, Chapter 60, Chapter 61, Chapter 62, Chapter 63 (excluding 6305.32 and 6305.33), Chapter 64 and 6505. As of August 10, 2014, Chapter 64 (footwear) was added to the list.

The Exporter Registry Form must be filled out and authenticated by a competent authority, such as a local Chamber of Commerce, that is authorized to approve the genuineness of signatures and seals appearing on documents. The Exporter Registry Form must then be taken or sent to the nearest Turkish Consulate to be approved. The completed and approved form must then be sent to the importer in Turkey to complete the registration process.

For further details, see the attached report from the U.S. Commercial Service.
Turkey Exporter Registry.pdf

Restricted port entry--Certain goods may only be imported through specialized customs offices. For example, textile products must pass through customs directorates at Aksaray, Ankara, AHL Kargo, Europe Free Zone, Denizli, G.Antep, G.Antep Airport, Gemlik, Giresun, Halkalı, Iskenderun, Izmir, Kayseri, Mersin, or Trakya.

For more information on local customs rules and regulations:
Republic of Turkey Ministry of Customs and Trade

For information on common export documents, such as transportation documents, export compliance documents, certificates of origin, certificates for shipments of specific goods, temporary shipment documents, and other export-related documents, see the Export.gov webpage on Common Export Documents.

For country-specific information on import procedures and documentation requirements, see the
Country Commercial Guides (CCG) on the export.gov website.

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Import Restrictions (Turkey)
No information is currently available on any bans, quotas, or other restrictions.
U.S. Export Restrictions:

The Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) in the U.S. Department of the Treasury administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions against targeted foreign countries, terrorists, and international narcotics traffickers and their agents in accordance with U.S. foreign policy and national security goals. The OFAC website includes summaries of sanctions programs for various countries and the “Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons” (SDNs) list of entities and individuals with whom U.S. persons may not conduct business and whose property must be blocked if under the control of a U.S. person.

The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) in the U.S. Department of Commerce is responsible for implementing and enforcing the Export Administration Regulations (EAR), which regulate the export and re-export of most commercial items. BIS maintains the Denied Persons List, which consists of individuals, and companies that have been denied export and re-export privileges by BIS, and the Entity List, which consists of foreign end users who pose an unacceptable risk of diverting U.S. exports and the technology they contain to alternate destinations for the development of weapons of mass destruction
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Standards - Turkey

Through the Risk-Based Trade Control System – TAREKS, the Ministry of Economy carries out safety and quality checks on imported goods, including footwear, personal protective equipment, toys, construction products, medical devices, some industrial inputs, raw materials, etc. Import control system under the Regime on Technical Regulations and Standardization for Foreign Trade in Turkey has been undergoing harmonization with European Union (EU) technical legislation, i.e., enabling relevant EU legislation to be implemented in Turkey. See the Ministry of Economy webpage on Product Safety and Technical Regulation.

Some relevant communiqués are listed below.
  • Communication of Product Safety and Inspection No. (2015/18) [The Communication of Product Safety and Inspection No. 2015/18 (Official Gazette, 31/12/2014 and no. 29222), to regulate import controls of shoes regarding their phthalate content.]
  • Communication of Product Safety and Inspection No. (2015/10) [In accordance with the Communiqué of Product Safety and Inspection No. 2015/10 (Official Gazette, 31/12/2014 and no. 29222), import controls of toys are implemented as of 12/12/2005, coherent with the EU legislation.]
  • Communication of Product Safety and Inspection No. (2015/11) [With the Communication Product Safety and Inspection of No. 2015/11 (Official Gazette, 31/12/2014 and no. 29222), the safety controls for imports of the Personal Protective Equipment are implemented coherent with the EU legislation.]
  • Communication of Product Safety and Inspection No. (2015/16) [Communiqué on Product Safety and Inspection No. 2015/16, which regulates import controls of Medical Devices such as in vitro, active implantable medical devices etc. (Official Gazette, 31/12/2014 and no 29222.]
  • Communication of Product Safety and Inspection No. (2012/25) ["Communication on Export and Import Inspections of Cotton (Product Safety and Inspection: 2012/25) (Official Gazette, 08/06/2012 and no. 28317)" -lays down principles and procedures relating to export, import and internal market controls of cotton.]

CE Marking
To sell certain products in the 27 EU member states, as well as in Norway, Liechtenstein, Switzerland, Turkey and Iceland, U.S. exporters are required to apply CE marking whenever their product is covered by specific product legislation. See the European Union country report for more information on CE marking.

Hazardous Substances
Effective December 23, 2017, Turkey plans to implement regulations for the management of hazardous substances, similar to the EU’s REACH (Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals). The Regulation - KKDIK (Kimyasalların Kaydı, Değerlendirilmesi, İzni Ve Kısıtlanması Hakkında Yönetmelik) was published under Number 30105 in the Resmi Gazete, the Official Gazette of the Republic of Turkey.

Restricted hazardous substances in textile, apparel, footwear and travel goods include azo dyes, flame retardants and phthalates. In addition footwear is subject to restrictions on Chromium VI, Organotin, and Doctyltin (DOT). See the Official Gazette No. 27893-Communique on Market Surveillance and Inspection Relating to Hazardous Chemical Content of Certain Consumer Products, which is based on the Official Gazette No. 27880-Regulation of Restrictions About Production, Placing on the Market and Usage of Some Dangerous Substances, Preparations and Goods, Annex 1.

A list of all prohibited or restricted products for Turkey can be viewed on the Republic of Turkey Ministry of Customs and Trade website.

Local standards organization and other resources:


The National Center for Standards and Certification Information (NCSCI) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in the U.S. Department of Commerce provides information on U.S. and foreign standards, technical regulations, and conformity assessment procedures for non-agricultural products. NCSCI staff responds to requests for information by identifying relevant standards and regulations, and by referral to the appropriate standards-developers or private-sector organizations. Under copyright restrictions, NCSCI cannot provide copies of standards, but NCSCI does provide sources for accessing standards.


Notify U.S. - Member countries of the World Trade Organization (WTO) are required under the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT Agreement) to report to the WTO all proposed technical regulations that could affect trade with other Member countries. Notify U.S. is a free, web-based e-mail subscription service that offers U.S. companies an opportunity to review and comment on proposed foreign technical regulations that may affect their access to international markets.

Additional resources:

Examples of voluntary formaldehyde labeling programs

American Apparel and Footwear Association's Restricted Substances List

American National Standards Institute (ANSI)

ASTM International

International Organization for Standardization (ISO)


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Labeling - Turkey

Textile and apparel products--Regulation on Textile Fiber Names and Related Labelling and Marking of the Fiber Composition of Textile Products, adopted in accordance with European Union Regulation 1007/2011, requires that textile and apparel products be labeled to indicate fiber composition. Only the fiber names listed in Annex 1 of the Regulation can be used. Care labeling of textile products is voluntary. Labels should be in Turkish.

Footwear--The Regulation on the Labelling of Materials Used in the Main Components of Footwear for Sale to the Consumer, adopted in accordance with European Union Directive 94/11/EC, stipulates that at least one article of footwear in each pair be labeled to provide information on the materials that form the upper, the lining and the sock, and the outer sole. Industrial, protective footwear is regulated under Turkey's Personal Protective Equipment Regulation.

See the European Union country report for more information on the EU labeling requirements.

In general, product labels should be in Turkish and include a phrase indicating “the name of the country” in which the product was produced or the phrases “import”, “imported product” or “foreign” for the labels of imported products .


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Market Information - Turkey


No specific information is available.




U.S. companies may contact the U.S. Commercial Service for information and personalized counseling at every step of the exporting process. Find a U.S. Export Assistance Centers near you.

For information on protecting trademarks, designs, patents and copyrights, see the STOPFAKES.GOV website. STOPFAKES.GOV is dedicated to helping U.S. companies protect their innovations and safely market their products at home and overseas. Find guidance and resources on how to register your company's intellectual property and protect it from counterfeiting and piracy. Also find IPR toolkits for select countries, as well as other country-specific information.

For information on selling to foreign governments, see the Global Procurement Opportunities website.

Other sources for market information and data:

OTEXA Export Market Report (U.S. export data for textiles, apparel, footwear and travel goods)

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Foreign Agricultural Service

U.S. Department of State - U.S. Embassies, Consulates, and Diplomatic Missions

U.S. Office of the Trade Representative

Local Industry and Trade Associations

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