Market Reports/Tariffs
Textiles, Apparel, Footwear and Travel Goods

Turkey

Import Tariffs
Documentation/Procedures
Restrictions
Standards
Labeling
Intellectual Property Rights
Market Information

Last updated on 06/29/2011

If you have any questions about the following information, please contact Linda Martinich at the U.S. Department of Commerce Office of Textiles and Apparel at 202-482-4058 or click here for e-mail access.

**The following information is provided only as a guide and should be confirmed with the proper authorities before embarking on any export activities.**


Import Tariffs - Turkey
In October 2005, the European Commission began EU accession proceedings with the Republic of Turkey. The process of EU membership is expected to take between ten and fifteen years. Prior to beginning its move towards EU accession, on January 1, 1996, Turkey and the EU formed a customs union, covering industrial products and processed agricultural goods. The Republic of Turkey adopted the EU’s common external tariff (CET) for imports from third countries, including the United States. The union establishes zero duty rates for nonagricultural items of EU and European Free Trade Association (EFTA) origin.

Import duties are calculated on an ad valorem basis, i.e., expressed as a percentage of the c.i.f. (cost, insurance and freight) value of the imported goods.

Turkey: Tariffs (percent ad valorem) on Textiles, Apparel, Footwear and Travel Goods
HS Chapter/Subheading
Tariff Rate Range (%)
Yarn
-silk
5003-5006
0 - 5
-wool
5105-5110
2 - 5
-cotton
5204-5207
4 - 5*****
-other vegetable fiber
5306-5308
0 - 5
-man-made fiber
5401-5406/5501-5511
3.8 - 5
........................
Woven Fabric
-silk
5007
3 - 7.5
-wool
5111-5113
5.3 - 8***
-cotton
5208-5212
8***
-other vegetable fiber
5309-5311
4 - 8
-man-made fiber
5407-5408/5512-5516
8***
........................
Knit Fabric
60
6.5 - 8
........................
Non Woven Fabric
5603
4.3
........................
Industrial Fabric
59
4 - 8
........................
Apparel
61-62
6.3 - 12***
........................
Home Furnishings
including: bed, bath, kitchen linens, etc.
63
0 - 12
........................
Carpet

Footwear

Travel Goods
57

64

4202
3 - 8*

3 - 17**

3 - 9.7****
* Max 2.8 EUR/m2
** Turkey will apply a additional specific duty on certain imported footwear until August 2012 as follows:
HS code
8/11/2009 - 8/11/2010
8/11/2010 - 8/11/2011
8/11/2011 - 8/11/2012
64.06
-excluding HS 6402.19
-$1.20/pair applies to HSs 6402.99.50; 6402.99.91
$1.70/pair
$1.65/pair
$1.60/pair
64.03
-excluding 6403.12;6403.19
-$1.20/pair applies to HSs 6403.51.11;6403.51.91;
6403.59.31;6403.59.50.00.11;6403.59.50.00.12; 6403.59.50.00.13;6403.59.91;6403.91.11;6403.91.91; 6403.99.31;6403.99.50; 6403.99.91
$2.55/pair
$2.50/pair
$2.45/pair
64.04
-excluding 6404.11
$1.20/pair applies to HSs 6404.19.10.00.11; 6404.19.10.00.12; 6404.19.10.00.13; 6404.19.90.00.13; 6404.20.10
$1.70/pair
$1.65/pair
$1.60/pair
***Imports originating in the U.S. are subject to additional tariffs of 20% on designated woven fabrics and 30% on designated apparel and apparel accessories. Additional tariffs on products of other origins may vary. These additional customs tariffs are in conjunction with a “safeguard” investigation conducted by the Turkish Government. For more information see our “Hot Issue”.
****Imports of travel goods classified under H.S. 42.02 are subject to additional safeguard tariffs as scheduled below.
H.S. Code
Additional Duty Rates
4/8/2011-4/7/2012
4/8/2012-4/7/2013
4/8/2013-4/7/2014
42.02
$2.70 / Kg
Max. $4.25 / ea
$2.60 / Kg
Max. $4.00 / ea
$2.50 / Kg
Max. $3.75 / ea
*****Imports of cotton yarn classified under HS code 52.05 are subject to additional safeguard tariffs as scheduled below.
H.S. Code
Additional Duty Rates
7/15/2011-7/14/2012
7/15/2012-7/14/2013
7/15/2013-7/14/2014
52.05
10%
Max. $0.85 /Net Kg
Min. $0.29 /Net Kg
9%
Max. $0.80 /Net Kg
Min. $0.26 /Net Kg
8%
Max. $0.75 /Net Kg
Min. $0.23 /Net Kg

For more detailed tariff information, see the Current Situation of Schedules of Members on the World Trade Organization website.


Additional Import Taxes and Fees--Customs surcharges including a VAT (value added tax) are levied on most imported, as well as domestic, goods and services. The VAT is calculated on a c.i.f. basis plus duty rate and any other applicable charges levied before the goods clear customs. Most industrial products are charged a rate of 18 percent. A reduced VAT rate of 8% is applied on contract manufacturing for textile and ready-to-wear works.

Temporary Entry/Samples--Samples of no commercial value are admitted duty-free. Other samples are assessed duties and taxes at the time of import, but these are refunded if the samples are re-exported within six months from the date of import. Books, newspapers, magazines, catalogs, pamphlets, brochures, and similar advertising materials are exempt from customs duty. U.S. traders may also wish to consider a more simplified procedure in the form of an ATA Carnet.

ATA Carnet--An ATA Carnet or "Merchandise Passport" is a document that facilitates the temporary importation of products into foreign countries by eliminating tariffs and other import taxes or charges normally required at the time of importation. For more information or to apply for an ATA Carnet, see the United States Council for International Business website.

For information on how to determine tariff rates, see the Export.gov webpage on Tariffs and Import Fees.

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Import Documentation/Procedures (Turkey)

Registration--Certain textiles and apparel imports are subject to registration. Product coverage by HS product code follows: 4203.10, 4203.21, 4203.29, 4203.30, 4303.10, 4304, Chapter 50, Chapter 51, Chapter 52, Chapter 53, Chapter 54 (excluding 5407.20), Chapter 55, Chapter 56, Chapter 57 (excluding 5701 and 5702), Chapter 58 (excluding 5805), Chapter 59, Chapter 60, Chapter 61, Chapter 62, Chapter 63 (excluding 6305.32 and 6305.33) and 6505. As of August 10, 2014, Chapter 64 (footwear) was added to the list.

The Exporter Registry Form must be filled out and authenticated by a competent authority, such as a local Chamber of Commerce, that is authorized to approve the genuineness of signatures and seals appearing on documents. The Exporter Registry Form must then be taken or sent to the nearest Turkish Consulate to be approved. The completed and approved form must then be sent to the importer in Turkey to complete the registration process. The Exporter Registry Form needs to be provided only one time, for the first shipment to a particular importer.

For further details, please see the attached report from the U.S. Commercial Service.
Turkey Exporter Registry.pdf

Restricted port entry--Textile products may only be imported through the Customs directorate at Halkali, Atatürk Havaliman, Sabiha Gökçen Airport, Gemlik, Mersin, Izmir, Denizli, Ankara, Kayseri or Gaziantep.

For more information on local customs rules and regulations:
Republic of Turkey Ministry of Customs and Trade
For information on common export documents, such as transportation documents, export compliance documents, certificates of origin, certificates for shipments of specific goods, temporary shipment documents, and other export-related documents, see the Export.gov webpage on Common Export Documents.

For more information on import procedures and documentation requirements, see the Country Commercial Guides (CCG) in the U.S. Commercial Service Market Research Library (enter your country of interest in the "country" field, and enter "Country Commercial Guide (CCG)" in the "Report Type" field. Some market research reports are available only to U.S. companies and U.S. students/researchers that are registered with Export.gov.

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Import Restrictions (Turkey)
Silk may only be imported by members of the Istanbul Gold Exchange. A list of all prohibited or restricted products for Turkey can be viewed on the Republic of Turkey Ministry of Customs and Trade website.

U.S. Export Restrictions:

The Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) in the U.S. Department of the Treasury administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions against targeted foreign countries, terrorists, and international narcotics traffickers and their agents in accordance with U.S. foreign policy and national security goals. The OFAC website includes summaries of sanctions programs for various countries and the “Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons” (SDNs) list of entities and individuals with whom U.S. persons may not conduct business and whose property must be blocked if under the control of a U.S. person.

The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) in the U.S. Department of Commerce is responsible for implementing and enforcing the Export Administration Regulations (EAR), which regulate the export and re-export of most commercial items. BIS maintains the Denied Persons List, which consists of individuals, and companies that have been denied export and re-export privileges by BIS, and the Entity List, which consists of foreign end users who pose an unacceptable risk of diverting U.S. exports and the technology they contain to alternate destinations for the development of weapons of mass destruction

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Standards - Turkey
The Turkish Standard Institution, Turkish Standartlari Enstitusu - TSE is responsible for issuing compliance certificates with respect to Turkish standards. The TSE publishes all Turkish standards and directives and documents are available for purchase. Technical regulations are prepared by Ministries and/or relevant public authorities and published in the Official Gazette.

CE Marking--To sell certain products in the 27 EU member states, as well as in Norway, Liechtenstein, Switzerland, Turkey and Iceland, U.S. exporters are required to apply CE marking whenever their product is covered by specific product legislation. The CE mark certifies that a product has met EU health, safety, and environmental requirements, which ensure consumer and workplace safety. All manufacturers in the EU and abroad must meet CE mark requirements where applicable in order to market their products in Europe. Once a manufacturer has earned a CE mark for its product, it may affix the CE mark to its product, and then the product may be marketed throughout the EU without having to undergo further modifications in each member state.

Unfortunately, there is no comprehensive list of the products that require a CE mark. Therefore, it is the manufacturer's responsibility to determine if a product requires a CE mark from various directives issued by the European Commission. Some products require the conformance to more than one directive. For more information, see the Export.gov webpage on CE marking.

Carpeting sold in the EU must have a CE marking, as required under the Construction Products Directive (89/106/EEC). Under the directive, materials intended for construction must comply with health, safety and environmental requirements as follows: mechanical strength and stability; fire safety; hygiene, health and environment; safety of use; sound nuisance; and energy savings and heat retention. Attesting the conformity of a floor covering with the requirements of EN 14041 must be done in part by the producer, but may also require third party testing and certification. A construction product is defined as any product that is produced for incorporation in a permanent manner in a construction project, thus various other textile products could be covered. For more information, see the U.S. Commercial Service report on The European Union’s Directive on Construction Products.

Local standards organization and other resources:
Turkish Standards Institute
Turk Standartlari Enstitusu - TSE

The National Center for Standards and Certification Information (NCSCI) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in the U.S. Department of Commerce provides information on U.S. and foreign standards, technical regulations, and conformity assessment procedures for non-agricultural products. NCSCI staff responds to requests for information by identifying relevant standards and regulations, and by referral to the appropriate standards-developers or private-sector organizations. Under copyright restrictions, NCSCI cannot provide copies of standards, but NCSCI does provide sources for accessing standards.

U.S. companies can register for the Notify U.S. service to learn about and comment on proposed changes to foreign standards, technical regulations, and conformity assessment procedures that may affect U.S. access to global markets.

Additional resources:

Examples of voluntary formaldehyde labeling programs

American Apparel and Footwear Association's Restricted Substances List

American National Standards Institute (ANSI)

International Organization for Standardization (ISO)


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Labeling - Turkey
The following are obligatory standards covering details on marking, labeling, and packaging: Turkish Standard (TS) 4331 Packaging- General Principles- Part 3: Marking and Labeling of Packages (10/1/1996) and TS 1418 Labeling of Textile Products - Fiber Composition (2/28/1991). Clearly legible and visible labels must be affixed to retail goods placed on the market. Where it is not possible to affix such labels on a particular good, it is obligatory to prepare and display clearly visible and accessible lists containing the required information. All imported products must be labeled with their country of origin, quality and price. For safety reasons, where goods and services offered to consumers may constitute a threat to the consumer's physical or mental health or the environment, it is obligatory to include information and warnings concerning this threat in a clearly legible and visible manner on the good or in the attached users' guides. The same marking, labeling, and packaging requirements apply to domestic and imported products. Marking, labeling, and packaging of a product can be carried out at customs.

According to TS 4331 the following information should appear on the internal package of all products:
--the trading name and the address or short name and address, or the registered trademark of the firm (producer, filler, or retailer)
--the name of the material, the product and the class, type, variety or form as indicated in the relevant standards
--the quantity of the material in number, mass, length, volume or other units or where there are no requirements in the relevant standards, in net form
--the net quantity of the product, under normal circumstances, should be placed on the package where it can be seen easily.

Turkish authorities have begun the process of bringing Turkey's labeling requirements into conformity with those of the European Union (see Labeling - European Union)

For more information, contact the Turkish Standard Institution - Turkish Standartlari Enstitusu - TSE.

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Intellectual Property Rights - Turkey
The Directorate General of Copyrights and Cinema in the Ministry of Culture and Tourism is responsible for copyright and related rights. The Turkish Patent Institute is responsible for patents, trade marks, geographical indications and designs.

For information on protecting your trademarks, patents and copyrights:

Export.gov --Protecting Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Abroad

StopFakes.gov


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Market Information - Turkey



Government Procurement-- See Global Procurement Opportunities for U.S. exporters.

Procurement notices are not published in hard copy, but posted on the electronic Public Procurement Bulletin, where contracting entities also advertise their tender decisions following the signing of the contract. Procurement notices, tender documents, and contract award decisions can be viewed by those concerned at the Electronic Public Procurement Platform -EPPP.

For information on government procurement in Turkey, see the Kamu Ihale Kurumu website (The Public Procurement Authority website).
Also see the Public Procurement Law link on the same website.
U.S. companies may contact the U.S. Commercial Service for information and personalized counseling at every step of the exporting process. Find a U.S. Export Assistance Centers near you or contact an international office.

Other sources for market information and data:

OTEXA Export Market Report (U.S. export data for textiles, apparel, footwear and travel goods)

Export.gov Trade Data & Analysis webpage

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Foreign Agricultural Service

U.S. Department of State - U.S. Embassies, Consulates, and Diplomatic Missions and
U.S. Department of State Country Background Notes

U.S. Office of the Trade Representative

Local Industry and Trade Associations

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Office of Textiles and Apparel (OTEXA)
U.S. Department of Commerce
Washington, DC 20230
Phone: (202) 482-5078  |  Fax: (202) 482-2331
OTEXA@trade.gov